- to contain, as a whole does parts or any part or element: The package includes the computer, program, disks, and a manual.
- to place in an aggregate, class, category, or the like.
- to contain as a subordinate element; involve as a factor.
Origin of include
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
1. embody. Include, comprehend, comprise, embrace imply containing parts of a whole. To include is to contain as a part or member, or among the parts and members, of a whole: The list includes many new names. To comprehend is to have within the limits, scope, or range of references, as either a part or the whole number of items concerned: The plan comprehends several projects. To comprise is to consist of, as the various parts serving to make up the whole: This genus comprises 50 species. Embrace emphasizes the extent or assortment of that which is included: The report embraces a great variety of subjects.
1. exclude, preclude.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for including
Through his company, consumers will be able to cheaply make custom DNA strands, including what Heinz calls “creatures.”Design Your Own Dinosaur: The Era of Custom DNA
January 8, 2015
French officials were already on edge after a series of apparently unconnected attacks, including the stabbing of police officers.U.S. Spies See Al Qaeda Fingerprints on Paris Massacre
Shane Harris, Nancy A. Youssef
January 8, 2015
Several Muslim sites in France, including mosques have been attacked or vandalized since the Charlie Hebdo massacre.Europe’s Islam Haters Say We Told You So
Barbie Latza Nadeau
January 8, 2015
Higher courts, including the Supreme Court had refused to intercede, and the stay was to expire tonight.The Back Alley, Low Blow-Ridden Fight to Stop Gay Marriage in Florida Is Finally Over
January 5, 2015
So far, just four members, including Gohmert and Yoho, have announced they will oppose Boehner on Tuesday.The YOLO Caucus' New Cry for Attention
January 4, 2015
Even the most sanguine now gave her up for lost, including the owners.Brave and Bold
Above all, because including all, the century will ask for men of sober mind.The Call of the Twentieth Century
David Starr Jordan
The loss of the Danes, including prisoners, amounted to about six thousand.The Life of Horatio Lord Nelson
She turned from one to the other, including them both in a look of warm loving-kindness.Meadow Grass
Including the sloop and the Halkett- boat, there was about 1500 lbs.The Field of Ice
- to have as contents or part of the contents; be made up of or contain
- to add as part of something else; put in as part of a set, group, or category
- to contain as a secondary or minor ingredient or element
C15 (in the sense: to enclose): from Latin inclūdere to enclose, from in- ² + claudere to close
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for including
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper