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  1. a suffix of adjectives of Greek or Latin origin, meaning “of or pertaining to,” “of the nature of,” “made of,” “like”: asinine; crystalline; equine; marine.
Compare -in1.

Origin of -ine1

< Latin -īnus, -inus < Greek -inos


  1. a suffix, of no assignable meaning, appearing in nouns of Greek, Latin, or French origin: doctrine; famine; routine.
  2. a noun suffix used particularly in chemical terms (bromine; chlorine), and especially in names of basic substances (amine; aniline; caffeine; quinine; quinoline).Compare -in2.
  3. a suffix of feminine nouns (heroine), given names (Clementine), and titles (landgravine).
Compare -ina1.

Origin of -ine2

< French < Latin -ina, orig. feminine of -inus; also representing Greek -inē, feminine noun suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for ine

Historical Examples

  • Ine, 22, is of great importance on account of its antiquity.

    Domesday Book and Beyond</p>

    Frederic William Maitland

  • I will just see Judith among her party, and come and j'ine you.

    The Deerslayer

    James Fenimore Cooper

  • The sugar-cane and banana and ine and malage are dealt with in another way.

    The Mafulu

    Robert W. Williamson

  • The laws of Ine are preserved to us as an appendix of the laws of Alfred.

  • So at I seye at e face of is place ne amoeue me nat so myche as ine owen face.

British Dictionary definitions for ine


  1. died after 726, king of Wessex (688–726)


suffix forming adjectives
  1. of, relating to, or belonging tosaturnine
  2. consisting of or resemblingcrystalline

Word Origin

from Latin -īnus, from Greek -inos


suffix forming nouns
  1. indicating a halogenchlorine
  2. indicating a nitrogenous organic compound, including amino acids, alkaloids, and certain other basesalanine; nicotine; purine
  3. Also: -in indicating a chemical substance in certain nonsystematic namesglycerine
  4. indicating a mixture of hydrocarbonsbenzine
  5. indicating a feminine formheroine
  6. an obsolete equivalent of -yne

Word Origin

via French from Latin -ina (from -inus) and Greek -inē
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ine



suffix used to form adjectives from nouns, from French -ine, fem. of -in, or directly from Latin -inus "of, like."



chemical suffix, sometimes -in, though modern use distinguishes them; early 19c., from French -ine, from Latin -ina, fem. form of suffix used to form adjectives from nouns. In French commonly used to form words for derived substances, hence its extended use in chemistry.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

ine in Medicine


  1. or -in A chemical substance:bromine, amine, quinine.
  2. Amino acid:glycine.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

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