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inhibitor

or in·hib·it·er

[in-hib-i-ter]
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noun
  1. a person or thing that inhibits.
  2. Chemistry. a substance that decreases the rate of or stops completely a chemical reaction.
  3. any impurity in a mineral that prevents luminescence.Compare activator(def 3).
  4. Rocketry. an inert antioxidant used with solid propellants to inhibit burning on certain surfaces.
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Origin of inhibitor

First recorded in 1865–70; inhibit + -or2
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for inhibitor

Historical Examples

  • The character in this case is an inhibitor of tail development.

    Inheritance of Characteristics in Domestic Fowl

    Charles Benedict Davenport

  • On account of this weakness of the inhibitor in the germ-plasm of No. 117 that inhibitor is rarely fully activated.

  • Even in the DR's the inhibitor may sometimes work itself out.

  • In this case we may conceive that an unusually potent condition of the inhibitor wholly stopped the development of the tail.

  • Such birds being heterozygous for the inhibitor factor, should be whites showing some coloured "ticks."

    Mendelism

    Reginald Crundall Punnett


British Dictionary definitions for inhibitor

inhibitor

noun
  1. Also called: inhibiter a person or thing that inhibits
  2. Also called: anticatalyst a substance that retards or stops a chemical reactionCompare catalyst
  3. biochem
    1. a substance that inhibits the action of an enzyme
    2. a substance that inhibits a metabolic or physiological processa plant growth inhibitor
  4. any impurity in a solid that prevents luminescence
  5. an inert substance added to some rocket fuels to inhibit ignition on certain surfaces
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for inhibitor

n.

1868 in scientific use (earlier as a Scottish legal term), agent noun in Latin form from inhibit.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

inhibitor in Medicine

inhibitor

n.
  1. A substance that restrains or retards physiological, chemical, or enzymatic action.
  2. A nerve whose stimulation represses activity.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.