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or internet

[in-ter-net] /ˈɪn tərˌnɛt/
a vast computer network linking smaller computer networks worldwide (usually preceded by the). The Internet includes commercial, educational, governmental, and other networks, all of which use the same set of communications protocols.
Origin of Internet
1970-75; inter- + net(work)
Can be confused
Internet, intranet.
Usage note
While the uppercase form Internet may still be preferred in formal writing, the lowercase form internet is regularly used in media, especially technology-related publications, and in most informal writing such as email and text messages. In contrast, the related term intranet (a private, usually restricted network) is written lowercase and often takes the indefinite article: The company has an intranet to access its business records.
Word story
Introduced in the 1960s, the Internet became widely accessible by the 1990s. Over the years, many Internet-related words entered mainstream usage, but given the pace of change, some terms gradually fell out of favor.
Some new terms that at first seemed aptly modern quickly turned out to be inadequate to encompass what the Internet rapidly became. For example, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, the metaphor information superhighway was popularized by former Vice President Al Gore to help people visualize how the Internet could become a part of their everyday lives. But as the Internet became ubiquitous, this metaphor, along with the related term infobahn (modeled on autobahn), was forsaken by those who took the benefits of the Internet as a given. Now the term information superhighway is generally considered outmoded and often used humorously.
Internet itself is a term people can disagree on. It was originally spelled with an initial capital letter, and while this spelling is still more common, especially in formal writing, the lowercase variant internet has been steadily rising in popularity since the mid-1990s.
Netizen, a term used to describe people who avidly use the Internet, has become less relevant as more people gain online access. (However, in some countries in which the Internet is restricted or controlled by the government, the term netizen remains relevant because it connotes unfettered online access.) In contrast, the newer term digital citizen has grown in use amid concerns that more people, especially young people, need to learn how to safely and effectively navigate the Internet. The term netiquette, or the rules of etiquette for communicating online, has also declined in use—hopefully because netiquette has become more widely accepted, rather than because it is now held in lower esteem. And, as dial-up services are phased out and replaced, the term itself has unsurprisingly fallen out of popular use.
The colorful term cyberspace, coined by sci-fi author William Gibson in the early 1980s, peaked around the year 2000, but has declined since. However, the prefix cyber- has proven to be not only relevant but linguistically productive. The terms cybercrime, cyberterrorism, cyberbullying, and cyberstalking, for example, have surged in use as people have become increasingly concerned about online security and the personal and social outcomes of an interconnected online world.
In the 1990s, you might have surfed the Web, but today you’re more likely to see the verbs browse or search in this context. Similarly, you now look up something on the Internet or you simply go online. The expression World Wide Web over the years has become truncated to the easier-to-say Web. Hyperlink, though still in use, has been overtaken by its shortened version, link. An instant message is more often referred to simply as an IM. In most Internet contexts, the adjective electronic has been shortened to the prefix e-. So electronic mail has become email (originally e-mail), and other popular compounds like e-learning, e-wallet, e-signature, and e-commerce have followed suit.
It is not uncommon for tech-savvy people to playfully use old-fashioned-sounding terms or awkward sentences to comically contrast with their actual technological competence; for example, replacing for the sake of humor the simple suggestion to “look it up online” with “ask the Interweb.” They also may indulge in facetious grammatical errors—like “I has a hotdog”—and conspicuous misspellings—like “teh lolz kitteh” for “the funny cat.” Popular Internet memes can take this playfulness further; for example, LOLcat and doge (an intentional misspelling of dog), in which animal photos are paired with their imagined, usually humorous thoughts.
It’s impossible to know exactly where these trends in Internet-related language will go next. However, we can feel confident that as the Internet grows and morphs, so too will the language we use to describe it. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Internet
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British Dictionary definitions for Internet


(sometimes with a capital) the internet, the single worldwide computer network that interconnects other computer networks, on which end-user services, such as World Wide Web sites or data archives, are located, enabling data and other information to be exchanged Also known as the Net
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Internet

1985, "the linked computer networks of the U.S. Defense Department," shortened from internetwork, from inter- + network (n.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Internet in Science
A system connecting computers around the world using TCP/IP, which stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, a set of standards for transmitting and receiving digital data. The Internet consists primarily of the collection of billions of interconnected webpages that are transferred using HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol), and are collectively known as the World Wide Web. The Internet also uses FTP (File Transfer Protocol) to transfer files, and SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) to transfer e-mail.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Internet in Culture

Internet definition

The global communication network that allows almost all computers worldwide to connect and exchange information. Some of the early impetus for such a network came from the U.S. government network Arpanet, starting in the 1960s.

Note: Some scholars have argued that the access to massive amounts of information, together with the widespread ability to communicate, has altered the way that human beings perceive reality.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Internet in Technology
(Note: capital "I"). The Internet is the largest internet (with a small "i") in the world. It is a three level hierarchy composed of backbone networks, mid-level networks, and stub networks. These include commercial (.com or .co), university (.ac or .edu) and other research networks (.org, .net) and military (.mil) networks and span many different physical networks around the world with various protocols, chiefly the Internet Protocol.
Until the advent of the World-Wide Web in 1990, the Internet was almost entirely unknown outside universities and corporate research departments and was accessed mostly via command line interfaces such as telnet and FTP. Since then it has grown to become an almost-ubiquitous aspect of modern information systems, becoming highly commercial and a widely accepted medium for all sort of customer relations such as advertising, brand building, and online sales and services. Its original spirit of cooperation and freedom have, to a great extent, survived this explosive transformation with the result that the vast majority of information available on the Internet is free of charge.
While the web (primarily in the form of HTML and HTTP) is the best known aspect of the Internet, there are many other protocols in use, supporting applications such as electronic mail, Usenet, chat, remote login, and file transfer.
There were 20,242 unique commercial domains registered with InterNIC in September 1994, 10% more than in August 1994. In 1996 there were over 100 Internet access providers in the US and a few in the UK (e.g. the BBC Networking Club, Demon, PIPEX).
There are several bodies associated with the running of the Internet, including the Internet Architecture Board, the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority, the Internet Engineering and Planning Group, Internet Engineering Steering Group, and the Internet Society.
See also NYsernet, EUNet.
The Internet Index ( - statistics about the Internet.

(Note: not capitalised) Any set of networks interconnected with routers. The Internet is the biggest example of an internet.

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010
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