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[in-truh-spek-shuh n] /ˌɪn trəˈspɛk ʃən/
observation or examination of one's own mental and emotional state, mental processes, etc.; the act of looking within oneself.
the tendency or disposition to do this.
Origin of introspection
1670-80; < Latin intrōspect(us), past participle of intrōspicere to look within (equivalent to intrō- intro- + spec(ere) to look + -tus past participle suffix) + -ion
Related forms
introspectional, adjective
introspectionist, noun, adjective
1. self-examination, soul-searching. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for introspection


the examination of one's own thoughts, impressions, and feelings, esp for long periods
Derived Forms
introspectional, introspective, adjective
introspectionist, noun
introspectively, adverb
introspectiveness, noun
Word Origin
C17: from Latin intrōspicere to look within, from intro- + specere to look
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for introspection

1670s, noun of action from past participle stem of Latin introspicere "to look into, look at," from intro- "inward" (see intro-) + specere "to look at" (see scope (n.1)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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introspection in Medicine

introspection in·tro·spec·tion (ĭn'trə-spěk'shən)
Contemplation of one's own thoughts, feelings, and sensations; self-examination.

in'tro·spect' v.
in'tro·spec'tion·al adj.
in'tro·spec'tive (-tĭv) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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