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joist

[joist]
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noun
  1. any of a number of small, parallel beams of timber, steel, reinforced concrete, etc., for supporting floors, ceilings, or the like.
verb (used with object)
  1. to furnish with or fix on joists.

Origin of joist

1325–75; Middle English giste < Old French < Latin *jacitum support, noun use of neuter of Latin jacitus (past participle of jacēre to lie), equivalent to jaci- variant stem + -tus past participle suffix
Related formsjoist·less, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for joist

Historical Examples

  • He put his knee against it and shoved, but the joist held firm.

    The Web of the Golden Spider

    Frederick Orin Bartlett

  • Fitz moved, joist in hand, towards the other side of the clump.

    Fitz the Filibuster

    George Manville Fenn

  • A joist was found on one end, driven nearly three feet into the ground.

  • No man, other than a union carpenter, would be allowed to even set a joist.

    30,000 Locked Out.

    James C. Beeks

  • A roar of applause shook every board and joist of the building.


British Dictionary definitions for joist

joist

noun
  1. a beam made of timber, steel, or reinforced concrete, used in the construction of floors, roofs, etcSee also rolled-steel joist
verb
  1. (tr) to construct (a floor, roof, etc) with joists

Word Origin

C14: from Old French giste beam supporting a bridge, from Vulgar Latin jacitum (unattested) support, from jacēre to lie
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for joist

n.

early 14c. (late 13c. in Anglo-Latin), from Old French giste "beam supporting a bridge" (Modern French gîte), noun use of fem. past participle of gesir "to lie," from Latin iacere "to lie, rest," related to iacere "to throw" (see jet (v.)). Notion is of wooden beam on which boards "lie down."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper