- a book of the Bible containing the history of Israel under the judges and covering the period between the death of Joshua and the accession to the throne by Saul. Abbreviation: Jud.
- a public officer authorized to hear and decide cases in a court of law; a magistrate charged with the administration of justice.
- a person appointed to decide in any competition, contest, or matter at issue; authorized arbiter: the judges of a beauty contest.
- a person qualified to pass a critical judgment: a good judge of horses.
- an administrative head of Israel in the period between the death of Joshua and the accession to the throne by Saul.
- (especially in rural areas) a county official with supervisory duties, often employed part-time or on an honorary basis.
- to pass legal judgment on; pass sentence on (a person): The court judged him guilty.
- to hear evidence or legal arguments in (a case) in order to pass judgment; adjudicate; try: The Supreme Court is judging that case.
- to form a judgment or opinion of; decide upon critically: You can't judge a book by its cover.
- to decide or settle authoritatively; adjudge: The censor judged the book obscene and forbade its sale.
- to infer, think, or hold as an opinion; conclude about or assess: He judged her to be correct.
- to make a careful guess about; estimate: We judged the distance to be about four miles.
- (of the ancient Hebrew judges) to govern.
Origin of judge
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for judges
The judges who handle arraignments at criminal court in all five boroughs have a small fraction of their usual caseloads.Shot Down During the NYPD Slowdown
January 7, 2015
The judges noted that he told one of the officers he had “copped some lumber.”The Louisiana Racists Who Courted Steve Scalise
January 3, 2015
It demands only that judges “shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour.”
Judges, they wrote, “shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour.”
Then you have to get judges onto the bench who agree with you.A Reminder: Our Justices are Politicians in Robes
November 13, 2014
Nor is there in this view any assault upon the court or the judges.
You have made yourselves too much parties against me, to sit as my judges.Clarissa, Volume 1 (of 9)
Mr. Snow told me as gently as he could that the judges had ruled me out entirely.Her Father's Daughter
What have we to do with them, and who made us judges over you?Fair Margaret
H. Rider Haggard
The judges' decisions based on it were sound in logic and in law.The Devil's Dictionary
- (functioning as singular) the book of the Old Testament recounting the history of Israel under the warrior champions and national leaders known as judges from the death of Joshua to the birth of Samuel
- a public official with authority to hear cases in a court of law and pronounce judgment upon themCompare magistrate (def. 1), justice (def. 5), justice (def. 6) Related adjective: judicial
- a person who is appointed to determine the result of contests or competitions
- a person qualified to comment criticallya good judge of antiques
- a leader of the peoples of Israel from Joshua's death to the accession of Saul
- to hear and decide upon (a case at law)
- (tr) to pass judgment on; sentence
- (when tr, may take a clause as object or an infinitive) to decide or deem (something) after inquiry or deliberation
- to determine the result of (a contest or competition)
- to appraise (something) critically
- (tr; takes a clause as object) to believe (something) to be the case; suspect
Word Origin and History for judges
mid-14c. (early 13c. as a surname), also judge-man; see judge (v.). In Hebrew history, it refers to a war leader vested with temporary power (e.g. Book of Judges), from Latin iudex being used to translate Hebrew shophet.
c.1300, "to form an opinion about; make a decision," also "to try and pronounce sentence upon (someone) in a court," from Anglo-French juger, Old French jugier "to judge, pronounce judgment; pass an opinion on," from Latin iudicare "to judge, to examine officially; form an opinion upon; pronounce judgment," from iudicem (nominative iudex) "a judge," a compound of ius "right, law" (see just (adj.)) + root of dicere "to say" (see diction). Related: Judged; judging. From mid-14c. as "to regard, consider." The Old English word was deman (see doom). Spelling with -dg- emerged mid-15c.