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karyotype

[kar-ee-uh-tahyp]
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noun Genetics.
  1. the chromosomes of a cell, usually displayed as a systematized arrangement of chromosome pairs in descending order of size.
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Origin of karyotype

First recorded in 1925–30; karyo- + type
Related formskar·y·o·typ·ic [kar-ee-uh-tip-ik] /ˌkær i əˈtɪp ɪk/, kar·y·o·typ·i·cal, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for karyotype

karyotype

noun
  1. the appearance of the chromosomes in a somatic cell of an individual or species, with reference to their number, size, shape, etc
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verb (tr)
  1. to determine the karyotype of (a cell)
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Derived Formskaryotypic (ˌkærɪəˈtɪpɪk) or karyotypical, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for karyotype

n.

1929, ultimately from Russian kariotip (1922); see karyo- + type.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

karyotype in Medicine

karyotype

(kărē-ə-tīp′)
n.
  1. The characterization of the chromosomal complement of an individual or a species, including number, form, and size of the chromosomes.
  2. A photomicrograph of chromosomes arranged according to a standard classification.
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v.
  1. To classify and array the chromosome complement of an organism or a species according to the arrangement, number, size, shape, or other characteristics of the chromosomes.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

karyotype in Science

karyotype

[kărē-ə-tīp′]
Noun
  1. An organized visual profile of the chromosomes in the nucleus of a body cell of an organism. Karyotypes are prepared using cells in the metaphase stage of cell division, when chromosomal strands have coiled together and duplicated, rendering them easily visible under a microscope after staining. Photomicrographs of the stained chromosomes are then arranged in a standard format according to size, the relative position of the centromere, and other criteria. The normal human karyotype consists of 46 chromosomes.
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Verb
  1. To prepare the karyotype of an organism.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

karyotype in Culture

karyotype

[(kar-ee-uh-teyep)]

The complete set of chromosomes that constitutes the entire genome of a species. The human karyotype contains forty-six chromosomes, twenty-three from each parent. This set is contained in the nucleus of almost every cell in the body

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.