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or Khartum

[kahr-toom] /kɑrˈtum/
a city in and the capital of the Sudan, at the junction of the White and Blue Nile rivers: besieged 1885; retaken by the British 1898.


[soo-dan] /suˈdæn/
a region in N Africa, S of the Sahara and Libyan deserts, extending from the Atlantic to the Red Sea.
Republic of the. Formerly Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. a republic in NE Africa, S of Egypt and bordering on the Red Sea: a former condominium of Egypt and Great Britain. 967,500 sq. mi. (2,505,825 sq. km).
Capital: Khartoum. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Khartoum
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • So might he have looked as he stood in Khartoum facing death.

  • This is the certain result of the settlement of Khartoum traders.

    The Life of Gordon, Volume I Demetrius Charles Boulger
  • It was improbable that the Dervishes would abandon these keys to Khartoum and the Soudan without severe resistance.

    The River War Winston S. Churchill
  • That is the impolicy of announcing our intention to evacuate Khartoum.

    The Life of Gordon, Volume II Demetrius Charles Boulger
  • They left Khartoum on the 15th of April, and continued their journey down to Berber by water.

    Great African Travellers W.H.G. Kingston
British Dictionary definitions for Khartoum


the capital of the Sudan, at the junction of the Blue and the White Nile: with adjoining Khartoum North and Omdurman, the largest conurbation in the country; destroyed by the Mahdists in 1885 when General Gordon was killed; seat of the Anglo-Egyptian government of the Sudan until 1954, then capital of the new republic. Pop: 4 495 000 (2005 est)


/suːˈdɑːn; -ˈdæn/
a republic in NE Africa, on the Red Sea: conquered by Mehemet Ali of Egypt (1820–22) and made an Anglo-Egyptian condominium in 1899 after joint forces defeated the Mahdist revolt; became a republic in 1956; a lengthy civil war between separatists in the mainly Christian south and the government resulted in independence for South Sudan following a referendum in 2011. It consists mainly of a plateau, with the Nubian Desert in the north. Official language: Arabic. Official religion: Muslim; there are Christian and animist minorities. Currency: Sudanese pound or Sudani (replacing the Sudanese dinar in 2007). Capital: Khartoum. Pop: 34 847 910 (2013 est). Area: 1 861 484 sq km (718 723 sq miles) Former name (1899–1956) Anglo-Egyptian Sudan French name Soudan
the Sudan, a region stretching across Africa south of the Sahara and north of the tropical zone: inhabited chiefly by Negroid tribes rather than Arabs
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Khartoum


1842, from Arabic Bilad-al-sudan, literally "country of the blacks," from sud, plural of aswad (fem. sauda) "black."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Khartoum in Culture
Khartoum [(kahr-toohm)]

Capital of Sudan, a port at the juncture of the two upper portions of the Nile River — the Blue Nile and White Nile.

Sudan [(sooh-dan)]

Republic in northeastern Africa, bordered on the north by Egypt; on the east by the Red Sea and Ethiopia; on the south by Kenya, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of Congo; and on the west by the Central African Republic, Chad, and Libya. Its capital is Khartoum, and its largest city is Omdurman.

Note: Sudan was under the joint rule of Britain and Egypt (though Britain exercised actual control) from 1899 to 1956.
Note: Recently, it has been plagued by famine and civil war.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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