city of Arba, the original name of Hebron (q.v.), so called from the name of its founder, one of the Anakim (Gen. 23:2; 35:27; Josh. 15:13). It was given to Caleb by Joshua as his portion. The Jews interpret the name as meaning "the city of the four", i.e., of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Adam, who were all, as they allege, buried there.
kirjath-arba seems to have been built in the valley, close to the pools which still provide water for its modern inhabitants.
Such people in the plural were styled Anakim; and one family of them were to be found at kirjath-arba.
After the Conquest this family settled in kirjath-arba and changed the name of the city to Hebron.