the descendants of Kohath. They formed the first of the three divisions of the Levites (Ex. 6:16, 18; Num. 3:17). In the journeyings of the Israelites they had the charge of the most holy portion of the vessels of the tabernacle, including the ark (Num. 4). Their place in the marching and encampment was south of the tabernacle (Num. 3:29, 31). Their numbers at different times are specified (3:28; 4:36; 26:57, 62). Samuel was of this division.
There are three divisions, the Gershonites, the kohathites, the Merarites.
And the chief of the house of the father of the families of the kohathites shall be Elizaphan the son of Uzziel.
Is it not written, 'Cut ye not off the tribe of the families of the kohathites from among the Levites?'
The office of the kohathites is of peculiar sanctity, next to that of Aaron and his sons.