A relief of the palace of Sennacherib at Kuyundshik (p. 106) shows us the king in the camp at Lachish.
But they pursued him thither, and even Lachish would not protect him.
As nothing is said of the capture of Gezer, this must refer only to the force which went to the aid of Lachish.
In the south-west only, Lachish and Azeka offered opposition.
At Lachish, Petrie found massive city walls, though he did not describe them in detail.
Lachish, a very ancient city, was captured by the Hebrews when they first came into Palestine.
He had therefore established his headquarters at Lachish, and did not superintend the final operations against the city.
Lachish was evidently a very strong city, and it is so depicted in the palace-tablets at Kouyunjik.
Zimrida of Lachish must be distinguished from another Canaanite of the same name who was governor of Sidon.
The Phoenician pottery which I found at Lachish is also found here, so we now have a firm dating for all these styles.
impregnable, a royal Canaanitish city in the Shephelah, or maritime plain of Palestine (Josh. 10:3, 5; 12:11). It was taken and destroyed by the Israelites (Josh. 10:31-33). It afterwards became, under Rehoboam, one of the strongest fortresses of Judah (2 Chr. 10:9). It was assaulted and probably taken by Sennacherib (2 Kings 18:14, 17; 19:8; Isa. 36:2). An account of this siege is given on some slabs found in the chambers of the palace of Koyunjik, and now in the British Museum. The inscription has been deciphered as follows:, "Sennacherib, the mighty king, king of the country of Assyria, sitting on the throne of judgment before the city of Lachish: I gave permission for its slaughter." (See NINEVEH.) Lachish has been identified with Tell-el-Hesy, where a cuneiform tablet has been found, containing a letter supposed to be from Amenophis at Amarna in reply to one of the Amarna tablets sent by Zimrida from Lachish. This letter is from the chief of Atim (=Etam, 1 Chr. 4:32) to the chief of Lachish, in which the writer expresses great alarm at the approach of marauders from the Hebron hills. "They have entered the land," he says, "to lay waste...strong is he who has come down. He lays waste." This letter shows that "the communication by tablets in cuneiform script was not only usual in writing to Egypt, but in the internal correspondence of the country. The letter, though not so important in some ways as the Moabite stone and the Siloam text, is one of the most valuable discoveries ever made in Palestine" (Conder's Tell Amarna Tablets, p. 134). Excavations at Lachish are still going on, and among other discoveries is that of an iron blast-furnace, with slag and ashes, which is supposed to have existed B.C. 1500. If the theories of experts are correct, the use of the hot-air blast instead of cold air (an improvement in iron manufacture patented by Neilson in 1828) was known fifteen hundred years before Christ. (See FURNACE.)