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lapidary

[lap-i-der-ee]
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noun, plural lap·i·dar·ies.
  1. Also lap·i·dist [lap-i-dist] /ˈlæp ɪ dɪst/. a worker who cuts, polishes, and engraves precious stones.
  2. Also la·pid·ar·ist [luh-pid-er-ist] /ləˈpɪd ər ɪst/. an expert in precious stones and the art or techniques used in cutting and engraving them.
  3. the art of cutting, polishing, and engraving precious stones.
  4. an old book on the lore of gems.
adjective Also lap·i·dar·i·an [lap-i-dair-ee-uh n] /ˌlæp ɪˈdɛər i ən/.
  1. of or relating to the cutting or engraving of precious stones.
  2. characterized by an exactitude and extreme refinement that suggests gem cutting: a lapidary style; lapidary verse.
  3. of, relating to, or suggestive of inscriptions on stone monuments.

Origin of lapidary

1325–75; Middle English lapidarie (noun) < Latin lapidārius of stone (adj.), stone-cutter (noun), equivalent to lapid- (stem of lapis) stone + -ārius -ary
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for lapidist

lapidary

noun plural -daries
  1. a person whose business is to cut, polish, set, or deal in gemstones
adjective
  1. of or relating to gemstones or the work of a lapidary
  2. Also: lapidarian (ˌlæpɪˈdɛərɪən) engraved, cut, or inscribed in a stone or gemstone
  3. of sufficiently high quality to be engraved on a stonea lapidary inscription
Derived Formslapidarian, adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Latin lapidārius, from lapid-, lapis stone
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for lapidist

lapidary

n.

"one skilled in working with precious stones," late 14c., from Old French lapidaire (12c.), from Latin lapidarius "stonecutter," originally an adjective "of or working with stone," from lapis (genitive lapidis) "stone." Meaning "a treatise on precious stones" is late 14c. Related: Lapidarist.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper