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lavish

[lav-ish]
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adjective
  1. expended, bestowed, or occurring in profusion: lavish spending.
  2. using or giving in great amounts; prodigal (often followed by of): lavish of his time; lavish of affection.
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verb (used with object)
  1. to expend or give in great amounts or without limit: to lavish gifts on a person.
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Origin of lavish

1425–75; late Middle English lavas profusion (noun), profuse (adj.) < Middle French lavasse downpour of rain, derivative of laver to wash < Latin lavāre
Related formslav·ish·er, nounlav·ish·ly, adverblav·ish·ness, nouno·ver·lav·ish, adjectiveo·ver·lav·ish·ly, adverbo·ver·lav·ish·ness, nounun·lav·ish, adjectiveun·lav·ished, adjective

Synonyms

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1, 2. unstinted, extravagant, wasteful, improvident; generous, openhanded. 3. heap, pour; waste, squander, dissipate.

Synonym study

1, 2. Lavish, prodigal, profuse refer to that which exists in abundance and is poured out copiously. Lavish suggests (sometimes excessive) generosity and openhandedness: lavish hospitality; much too lavish. Prodigal suggests wastefulness, improvidence, and reckless impatience of restraint: a prodigal extravagance. Profuse emphasizes abundance, but may suggest overemotionalism, exaggeration, or the like: profuse thanks, compliments, apologies.

Antonyms

1, 2. niggardly.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for lavishes

Historical Examples

  • These are angels' delights which He lavishes upon the prodigal.

    The Romance of the Soul

    Lilian Staveley

  • He lavishes on me a wealth of love that humbles me with a consciousness of my own demerits.

    Ernest Linwood

    Caroline Lee Hentz

  • Kneeling beside him Tosca lavishes tears and kisses upon him.

  • He borrows money right and left and lavishes it upon beggars.

  • A man who lavishes his money in youth, becomes the slave of a guinea in old age.

    Contraband

    G. J. Whyte-Melville


British Dictionary definitions for lavishes

lavish

adjective
  1. prolific, abundant, or profuse
  2. generous; unstinting; liberal
  3. extravagant; prodigal; wastefullavish expenditure
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verb
  1. (tr) to give, expend, or apply abundantly, generously, or in profusion
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Derived Formslavisher, nounlavishly, adverblavishment, nounlavishness, noun

Word Origin

C15: adj use of lavas profusion, from Old French lavasse torrent, from Latin lavāre to wash
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for lavishes

lavish

v.

1540s, from lavish (adj.). Related: Lavished; lavishing.

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lavish

adj.

mid-15c., from Middle French lavasse (n.) "torrent of rain, deluge," from Old French lavache, from laver "to wash," from Latin lavare "to wash" (see lave). Related: Lavishly.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper