Origin of leaner
- (of persons or animals) without much flesh or fat; not plump or fat; thin: lean cattle.
- (of edible meat) containing little or no fat.
- lacking in richness, fullness, quantity, etc.; poor: a lean diet; lean years.
- spare; economical: a lean prose style.
- Automotive. (of a mixture in a fuel system) having a relatively low ratio of fuel to air (contrasted with rich).
- (of paint) having more pigment than oil.Compare fat(def 12).
- Nautical. (of a bow) having fine lines; sharp.
- Metallurgy. (of ore) having a low mineral content; low-grade.
- the part of flesh that consists of muscle rather than fat.
- the lean part of anything.
- Typesetting. matter that is difficult to set because of complexity or intermixed fonts.Compare fat(def 23).
Origin of lean2
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for leaner
But will forgoing your morning oatmeal really lead to a leaner body and better athletic performance?Does Fasted Cardio Really Burn More Fat?
August 22, 2014
In the new, leaner strategy, any bloat has to go, even if it means reversing on a major earlier decision.Bill Gates’ Internet Doomsday Prophesy Comes True
July 17, 2014
A preference for leaner, more efficient government is the concern that unites all Republicans.Are Moderate Republicans Useless?
January 29, 2013
But once we get lean (or at least leaner), why does it take something close to superhuman effort to stay that way?The Only Logical Way to End the Obesity Epidemic
January 28, 2012
Now with a “leaner” military, as Obama described it on Thursday, UAVs are getting another boost.Inside Obama’s Pentagon Downsizing: More Drones, Smaller Military
January 7, 2012
Lean as their cattle were, they would be leaner in a short time.Trail's End
George W. Ogden
Her white face, in the frame of her mantilla, looked longer, leaner than usual.The Aspern Papers
Our letters may appear the leaner, but what fat they have is their own.
The leaner the food the better, to restore tone to the stomach and bowels.Every Man his own Doctor
R. T. Claridge
So it kept on all the winter—the more it ate the leaner it became.
- Sir David. 1908–91, English film director. His films include In Which We Serve (1942), Blithe Spirit (1945), Brief Encounter (1946), Great Expectations (1946), Oliver Twist (1948), The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Dr Zhivago (1965), and A Passage to India (1984)
- (foll by against, on, or upon) to rest or cause to rest against a support
- to incline or cause to incline from a vertical position
- (intr; foll by to or towards) to have or express a tendency or leaning
- lean over backwards informal to make a special effort, esp in order to please
- the condition of inclining from a vertical position
- (esp of a person or an animal) having no surplus flesh or bulk; not fat or plump
- not bulky or full
- (of meat) having little or no fat
- not rich, abundant, or satisfying
- (of a mixture of fuel and air) containing insufficient fuel and too much aira lean mixture
- (of printer's type) having a thin appearance
- (of a paint) containing relatively little oil
- (of an ore) not having a high mineral content
- (of concrete) made with a small amount of cement
- the part of meat that contains little or no fat
Word Origin and History for leaner
"action or state of leaning," 1776, from lean (v.).
c.1200, from Old English hleonian "to bend, recline, lie down, rest," from Proto-Germanic *khlinen (cf. Old Saxon hlinon, Old Frisian lena, Middle Dutch lenen, Dutch leunen, Old High German hlinen, German lehnen "to lean"), from PIE root *klei- "to lean, to incline" (cf. Sanskrit srayati "leans," sritah "leaning;" Old Persian cay "to lean;" Lithuanian slyti "to slope," slieti "to lean;" Latin clinare "to lean, bend," clivus "declivity," inclinare "cause to bend," declinare "bend down, turn aside;" Greek klinein "to cause to slope, slant, incline;" Old Irish cloin "crooked, wrong;" Middle Irish cle, Welsh cledd "left," literally "slanting;" Welsh go-gledd "north," literally "left" -- for similar sense evolution, see Yemen, Benjamin, southpaw).
Meaning "to incline the body against something for support" is mid-13c. Figurative sense of "to trust for support" is from early 13c. Sense of "to lean toward mentally, to favor" is from late 14c. Related: Leaned; leaning. Colloquial lean on "put pressure on" (someone) is first recorded 1960.
"thin, spare, with little flesh or fat," c.1200, from Old English hlæne "lean, thin," possibly from hlænan "cause to lean or bend," from Proto-Germanic *khlainijan, which would connect it to Old English hleonian (see lean (v.)). But perhaps rather, according to OED, from a PIE *qloinio- (cf. Lithuanian klynas "scrap, fragment," Lettish kleins "feeble"). Extended and figurative senses from early 14c. The noun meaning "lean animals or persons" is from c.1200, from the adjective.