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[leesh-man-ee-uh, -mey-nee-uh, lahysh-] /liʃˈmæn i ə, -ˈmeɪ ni ə, laɪʃ-/
any parasitic flagellate protozoan of the genus Leishmania, occurring in vertebrates in an oval or spherical, nonflagellate form, and in invertebrates in an elongated, flagellated form.
Origin of leishmania
< New Latin (1903), after William Boog Leishman (1865-1926), Scottish bacteriologist; see -ia
Related forms
leishmanial, leishmanic
[leesh-man-ik, lahysh-] /liʃˈmæn ɪk, laɪʃ-/ (Show IPA),
leishmanioid, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for leishmania


any parasitic flagellate protozoan of the genus Leishmania: infects humans and animals and causes diseases ranging from skin lesions to potentially fatal organ damage
Word Origin
C20: New Latin, named after Sir W.B. Leishman (1865–1926), Scottish bacteriologist
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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leishmania in Medicine

Leishmania Leish·man·i·a (lēsh-mān'ē-ə, -mā'nē-ə)
A genus of flagellate protozoa, several species of which cause leishmanisis; all species are indistinguishable morphologically but may be separated by their serological reactions, by their geographic distribution, by their developmental patterns in their sandfly hosts, and by their clinical manifestations of leishmaniasis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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