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livid

[liv-id]
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adjective
  1. having a discolored, bluish appearance caused by a bruise, congestion of blood vessels, strangulation, etc., as the face, flesh, hands, or nails.
  2. dull blue; dark, grayish-blue.
  3. enraged; furiously angry: Willful stupidity makes me absolutely livid.
  4. feeling or appearing strangulated because of strong emotion.
  5. reddish or flushed.
  6. deathly pale; pallid; ashen: Fear turned his cheeks livid for a moment.

Origin of livid

1615–25; < Latin līvidus black and blue, equivalent to līv(ēre) to be livid (akin to Welsh lliw color) + -idus -id4
Related formsliv·id·ly, adverbliv·id·ness, li·vid·i·ty, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for livid

livid

adjective
  1. (of the skin) discoloured, as from a bruise or contusion
  2. of a greyish tinge or colourlivid pink
  3. informal angry or furious
Derived Formslividly, adverblividness or lividity, noun

Word Origin

C17: via French from Latin līvidus, from līvēre to be black and blue
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for livid

adj.

early 15c., "of a bluish-leaden color," from Middle French livide and directly from Latin lividus "of a bluish color, black and blue," figuratively "envious, spiteful, malicious," from livere "be bluish," earlier *slivere, from PIE *sliwo-, suffixed form of root *(s)leie- "bluish" (cf. Old Church Slavonic and Russian sliva "plum;" Lithuanian slywas "plum;" Old Irish li, Welsh lliw "color, splendor," Old English sla "sloe"). The sense of "furiously angry" (1912) is from the notion of being livid with rage.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

livid in Medicine

livid

(lĭvĭd)
adj.
  1. Having a black-and-blue or a leaden or ashy-gray color, as in discoloration from a contusion, congestion, or cyanosis.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.