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loin

[loin]
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noun
  1. Usually loins. the part or parts of the human body or of a quadruped animal on either side of the spinal column, between the false ribs and hipbone.
  2. a cut of meat from this region of an animal, especially a portion including the vertebrae of such parts.
  3. loins,
    1. the parts of the body between the hips and the lower ribs, especially regarded as the seat of physical strength and generative power.
    2. the genital and pubic area; genitalia.
Idioms
  1. gird (up) one's loins, to prepare oneself for something requiring readiness, strength, or endurance: He girded his loins to face his competitor.

Origin of loin

1275–1325; Middle English loyne < Middle French lo(i)gne, perhaps < Vulgar Latin *lumbea, noun use of feminine of *lumbeus of the loins, equivalent to Latin lumb(us) loin + -eus -eous
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for loin

loin

noun
  1. Also called: lumbus anatomy the part of the lower back and sides between the pelvis and the ribsRelated adjective: lumbar
  2. a cut of meat from this part of an animal
See also loins

Word Origin

C14: from Old French loigne, perhaps from Vulgar Latin lumbra (unattested), from Latin lumbus loin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for loin

n.

early 14c., "side of the body of an animal used for food," from Old French loigne "hip, haunch, lumbar region," from Vulgar Latin *lumbea, from *lumbea caro "meat of the loin," from fem. of *lumbeus, adjective used as a noun, from Latin lumbus "loin" (see lumbago).

Replaced Old English lendenu "loins," from Proto-Germanic *landwin- (cf. German Lende "loin," Lenden "loins;" Old High German lenti, Old Saxon lendin, Middle Dutch lendine, Dutch lende, Old Norse lend).

The Latin word perhaps was borrowed from a Germanic source. In reference to the living human body, it is attested from late 14c. In Biblical translations, often used for "that part of the body that should be covered and about which the clothes are bound" (1520s). Related: Loins.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

loin in Medicine

loin

([object Object])
n.
  1. The part of the body on either side of the spinal column between the ribs and the pelvis.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Idioms and Phrases with loin

loin

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.

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