• synonyms


[boo r-zhwah, boo r-zhwah; French boor-zhwa]
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  1. Lé·on Vic·tor Au·guste [ley-awn veek-tawr oh-gyst] /leɪˈɔ̃ vikˈtɔr oʊˈgyst/, 1851–1925, French statesman: Nobel Peace Prize 1920.
  2. Louise,1911–2010, U.S. sculptor, born in France.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for louise bourgeois


noun plural -geois
  1. a member of the middle class, esp one regarded as being conservative and materialistic or (in Marxist thought) a capitalist exploiting the working class
  2. a mediocre, unimaginative, or materialistic person
  1. characteristic of, relating to, or comprising the middle class
  2. conservative or materialistic in outlooka bourgeois mentality
  3. (in Marxist thought) dominated by capitalists or capitalist interests
Derived Formsbourgeoise (ˈbʊəʒwɑːz, bʊəˈʒwɑːz), fem n

Word Origin

C16: from Old French borjois, burgeis burgher, citizen, from bourg town; see burgess


  1. (formerly) a size of printer's type approximately equal to 9 point

Word Origin

C19: perhaps from its size, midway between long primer and brevier


  1. Léon Victor Auguste . (leɔ̃ viktɔr oɡyst). 1851–1925, French statesman; first chairman of the League of Nations: Nobel peace prize 1920
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for louise bourgeois



1560s, "of the French middle class," from French bourgeois, from Old French burgeis, borjois "town dweller" (see bourgeoisie). Sense of "socially or aesthetically conventional" is from 1764; in communist and socialist writing, as a noun, "a capitalist" (1883).

It is better to be a good ordinary bourgeois than a bad ordinary bohemian. [Aldous Huxley, 1930]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper