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2017 Word of the Year

luff

[luhf] /lʌf/
noun, Nautical.
1.
the forward edge of a fore-and-aft sail.
verb (used without object)
2.
to bring the head of a sailing ship closer to or directly into the wind, with sails shaking.
3.
(of a sail) to shake from being set too close to the wind:
The sail luffed as we put about for port.
4.
to raise or lower the outer end of the boom of a crane or derrick so as to move its load horizontally.
verb (used with object)
5.
to set (the helm of a ship) in such a way as to bring the head of the ship into the wind.
6.
to raise or lower the outer end of (the boom of a crane or derrick).
Origin of luff
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English lof, loof steering gear (compare Old French lof) < Middle Dutch (unrecorded), later Dutch loef tholepin (of tiller)
Related forms
unluffed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for luffing
Historical Examples
  • After luffing to pick him up, the brigantine had been again pulled off on the port tack.

    The Black Bag Louis Joseph Vance
  • I know he is; but in the other race, he lost half his time by luffing up in a squall.

    The Yacht Club Oliver Optic
  • After the start do not go in for a luffing match or allow yourself to be luffed by a yacht you do not fear.

    Yachting Vol. 1 Various.
  • Scarcely had he spoken, when the French frigate, luffing up, ran her bows against the quarter of the Isabel.

    The Heir of Kilfinnan W.H.G. Kingston
  • You must learn how to help her with the helm to take these seas easily, first by luffing and then by bearing away.

    On Yacht Sailing Thomas Fleming Day
  • The man at the helm, who was one of the worst navigators of the party, made the mistake of luffing the boat into the wind.

    Historic Adventures Rupert S. Holland
  • A-lee: The situation of the tiller or helm when it is put down or to leeward, when going about, or luffing.

  • Presently the smoke lifted, and Stewart saw the "Cyane" luffing up for his port quarter.

  • Half an hour later Captain Stewart perceived that the "Acasta" was luffing up, and thereby gaining his wake.

  • A manœuvre of the same character should be executed when luffing around a mark.

British Dictionary definitions for luffing

luff

/lʌf/
noun
1.
(nautical) the leading edge of a fore-and-aft sail
2.
tackle consisting of a single and a double block for use with rope having a large diameter
verb
3.
(nautical) to head (a sailing vessel) into the wind so that her sails flap
4.
(intransitive) (nautical) (of a sail) to flap when the wind is blowing equally on both sides
5.
to move the jib of (a crane) or raise or lower the boom of (a derrick) in order to shift a load
Word Origin
C13 (in the sense: steering gear): from Old French lof, perhaps from Middle Dutch loef peg of a tiller; compare Old High German laffa palm of hand, oar blade, Russian lapa paw
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for luffing

luff

n.

c.1200, in sailing, from Old French lof "spar," or some other nautical device, "point of sail," also "windward side," probably from Germanic (cf. Middle Dutch lof "windward side of a ship" (Dutch loef), which might also be the direct source of the English word), from Proto-Germanic *lofo (cf. Old Norse lofi, Gothic lofa "palm of the hand," Danish lab, Swedish labb "paw"), from PIE *lep- "to be flat" (see glove). As a verb from late 14c., from the noun.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for luffing

luff

Related Terms

first luff

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Word Value for luffing

14
18
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