- Pathology. any of a group of diseases, usually intermittent or remittent, characterized by attacks of chills, fever, and sweating: formerly supposed to be due to swamp exhalations but now known to be caused by a parasitic protozoan, which is transferred to the human bloodstream by a mosquito of the genus Anopheles and which occupies and destroys red blood cells.
- Archaic. unwholesome or poisonous air.
Origin of malaria
Examples from the Web for malarial
People born into malarial regions have a fierce Darwinian pressure placed upon them—the disease affects everyone in the area.A Malaria Vaccine That Cuts 46% of Infections Is a 100% a Big Deal
October 9, 2013
In malarial zones, by contrast, the life expectancy at birth was only 22.5 years.David's Book Club: The Conquest of Malaria
July 31, 2012
Typhoid and malarial cases, sent in from the lines, were also here in abundance.The Long Roll
A malarial or intermittent fever, well known in Africa and India.The Wonder Island Boys: The Tribesmen
I should have stayed longer, but was suffering from malarial fever.The Call Of The South
Pending the arrival of the malarial season, quinine was given to all who needed it.Experiments on Animals
The climate of these low-lying coast plains was sultry and malarial.Biblical Geography and History
Charles Foster Kent
- an infectious disease characterized by recurring attacks of chills and fever, caused by the bite of an anopheles mosquito infected with any of four protozoans of the genus Plasmodium (P. vivax, P. falciparum, P. malariae, or P. ovale)
Word Origin and History for malarial
1740, from Italian mal'aria, from mala aria, literally "bad air," from mala "bad" (fem. of malo, from Latin malus; see mal-) + aria "air" (see air (n.1)). Probably first used by Italian physician Francisco Torti (1658-1741). The disease, now known to be mosquito-borne, once was thought to be caused by foul air in marshy districts. Replaced native ague.
- An infectious disease characterized by cycles of chills, fever, and sweating, caused by the parasitic infection of red blood cells by a protozoan of the genus Plasmodium, which is transmitted by the bite of an infected female anopheles mosquito.jungle fever paludism swamp fever
- An infectious disease of tropical areas caused by the parasitic infection of red blood cells by a protozoan of the genus Plasmodium, which is transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito. Malaria is characterized by recurrent episodes of chills, fever, sweating, and anemia and is endemic in Africa, Central America, and much of Southern Asia and northern South America.