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or Maquis

[mah-kee, ma-; French ma-kee] /mɑˈki, mæ-; French maˈki/
noun, plural maquis
[mah-keez, ma-; French ma-kee] /mɑˈkiz, mæ-; French maˈki/ (Show IPA)
the French underground movement, or Resistance, that combatted the Nazis in World War II.
Also called maquisard. a member of this movement.
Origin of maquis
1940-45; < French, special use of maquis, makis wild, bushy land < Italian (Corsican dial.) macchie (with French -is for -ie), plural of macchia a thicket < Latin macula spot


[mah-kee] /ˈmɑ ki/
an evergreen shrub, Aristotelia chilensis, of Chile, having toothed, oblong leaves, greenish-white flowers, and purple berries, grown as an ornamental in S California.
1695-1705; < Spanish < Araucanian Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for maquis
Historical Examples
  • "My future sister-in-law doesn't like the maquis," laughed Colomba.

    Columba Prosper Merimee
  • You must get on his back, and come with me to the Stazzona maquis.

    Columba Prosper Merimee
  • A dog ran out of the maquis, and when the girl called out "Brusco!"

    Columba Prosper Merimee
  • I had a guide with me, for fear I should lose my way in the maquis.

    The Corsican Brothers Alexandre Dumas
  • The maquis took advantage of the silence which followed Vincent's criticism to rise from table.

    Pelham, Complete Edward Bulwer-Lytton
  • We left Xavier Massoni escaping into the maquis, but slightly wounded in the thigh.

  • Your fine cloth frock-coat would be in tatters in two days, if you wore it in the maquis.

    Columba Prosper Merimee
  • We shall meet again in the maquis, some day, perhaps, and then we'll continue our study of Virgil.

    Columba Prosper Merimee
  • After many windings through the narrow paths in the maquis they were met by two men, armed to the teeth.

    Columba Prosper Merimee
  • The road, or rather the very slight path, which he was following, ran through a maquis that had been lately burned.

    Columba Prosper Merimee
British Dictionary definitions for maquis


noun (pl) -quis (-ˈkiː)
shrubby mostly evergreen vegetation found in coastal regions of the Mediterranean: includes myrtles, heaths, arbutus, cork oak, and ilex
(often capital)
  1. the French underground movement that fought against the German occupying forces in World War II
  2. a member of this movement
Word Origin
C20: from French, from Italian macchia thicket, from Latin macula spot
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for maquis

1858, from French maquis "undergrowth, shrub," especially in reference to the dense scrub of certain Mediterranean coastal regions, long the haunts of outlaws and fugitives, from Corsican Italian macchia "spot," from Latin macula "spot, stain;" the landscapes so called from their mottled appearance. Used figuratively of French resistance in World War II (1943). A member is a maquisard.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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