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Pompadour

[pom-puh-dawr, -dohr, -doo r; French pawn-pa-door]
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noun
  1. Marquise deJeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d'Étioles, 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for marquise de pompadour

pompadour

noun
  1. an early 18th-century hairstyle for women, having the front hair arranged over a pad to give it greater height and bulk
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Word Origin

C18: named after the Marquise de Pompadour, who originated it

Pompadour

noun
  1. Marquise de, title of Jeanne Antoinette Poisson. 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France (1745–64), whom she greatly influenced
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for marquise de pompadour

pompadour

n.

1887 as a men's hairstyle; 1899 as a woman's style with the hair swept up over the forehead, in recognition of Jeanne-Antionette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764), mistress of Louis XV from 1745-50, who wore her hair in an upswept style. Used in her lifetime in reference to various fashions, accessories, colors, furniture, etc. The estate of Pompadour is in the Limousin region.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper