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[pom-puh-dawr, -dohr, -doo r; French pawn-pa-door] /ˈpɒm pəˌdɔr, -ˌdoʊr, -ˌdʊər; French pɔ̃ paˈdur/
Marquise de (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson Le Normant d'Étioles) 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for marquise de pompadour
Contemporary Examples
  • In 1745, Louis XV took as mistress one of the most notorious celebrities in all of Europe, the marquise de pompadour.

    What Is Romanticism? Jimmy So September 25, 2011
Historical Examples
  • A very poor woman, to whom I have sometimes given a little assistance, pretends to be a relation of the marquise de pompadour.

    The Secret Memoirs of Louis XV./XVI, Complete Madame du Hausset, an "Unknown English Girl" and the Princess Lamballe
  • He is reported to be prime favorite of the marquise de pompadour.

    The Golden Dog William Kirby
  • He knew the marquise de pompadour was jealously watching him from afar.

    The Golden Dog William Kirby
  • Thus we see Rodin at the school of the marquise de pompadour, placed once more in a milieu full of originality and life.

  • He created her marquise de pompadour, and compelled the court to recognize her.

    The History of Prostitution William W. Sanger
  • And who is that dressed like a bailiff talking in the recess of the window to a marquise de pompadour?

    Sentimental Education Vol 1 Gustave Flaubert
  • I prefer to die like Cleopatra, rather than live like the marquise de pompadour.

    Goethe and Schiller L. Mhlbach
  • Bigot knew he was safe so long as the marquise de pompadour governed the King and the kingdom.

    The Golden Dog William Kirby
  • The French army perfectly resembled its mistress, the marquise de pompadour.

British Dictionary definitions for marquise de pompadour


an early 18th-century hairstyle for women, having the front hair arranged over a pad to give it greater height and bulk
Word Origin
C18: named after the Marquise de Pompadour, who originated it


/French pɔ̃padur/
Marquise de, title of Jeanne Antoinette Poisson. 1721–64, mistress of Louis XV of France (1745–64), whom she greatly influenced
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for marquise de pompadour



1887 as a men's hairstyle; 1899 as a woman's style with the hair swept up over the forehead, in recognition of Jeanne-Antionette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour (1721-1764), mistress of Louis XV from 1745-50, who wore her hair in an upswept style. Used in her lifetime in reference to various fashions, accessories, colors, furniture, etc. The estate of Pompadour is in the Limousin region.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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