But there is a presumption which is not rebuttable with regard to the mens rea of the vessel.
It is one of the earliest crimes in which the mens rea, or criminal intent, was taken special notice of.
Briefly, it may be said that in criminal law the constituent element of an offence is the mens rea or the guilty intent.
the intention to commit a wrongful act, the element that establishes criminal responsibility; a criminal mind
Latin 'guilty mind'
Latin phrase meaning "guilty mind."