If there is a less restrictive way of accomplishing the same end, a statute such as the metadata statute becomes unconstitutional.
These metadata, these intelligence officers say, reside in vast hard drives that belong to the NSA.
The translation of the essay was created on October 11, 2011 at 6:03 p.m., according to metadata embedded in the file.
Judge Eagan noted there had been problems with the metadata programs, but they had been “resolve[d].”
Those actions raise the issue as to whether the metadata programs are constitutional.
As the ACLU points out in its lawsuit against the government, the metadata program is quite intrusive.
It is not a legal decision that forecloses the serious questions about the metadata program.
Once the NSA has the metadata in its system, it retains it for five years, before destroying it on a rolling basis.
It is unclear how aggressively the NSA will fight the proposal to end the metadata program.
The bit rates were poor, metadata inconsistent or nonexistent.