- a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related, or of which it is a part, as “scepter” for “sovereignty,” or “the bottle” for “strong drink,” or “count heads (or noses)” for “count people.”
Origin of metonymy
Examples from the Web for metonymy
Whether it be synecdoche, metaphor, or metonymy, there is still a figure.History of the Great Reformation, Volume IV
J. H. Merle D'Aubign
The principal varieties of the trope are the metonymy and the metaphor.
The metonymy is founded on the relation of one thing to another.
In both cases the term so approximates to the meaning of Earth, doubtless by metonymy, as to be indistinguishable from it.
By metonymy from this supreme and metropolitan quarter of Greece, it means the whole country.
- the substitution of a word referring to an attribute for the thing that is meant, as for example the use of the crown to refer to a monarchCompare synecdoche
Word Origin and History for metonymy
1560s, from French métonymie (16c.) and directly from Late Latin metonymia, from Greek metonymia, literally "a change of name," related to metonomazein "to call by a new name; to take a new name," from meta- "change" (see meta-) + onyma, dialectal form of onoma "name" (see name (n.)). Figure in which the name of one thing is used in place of another that is suggested by or associated with it (e.g. the Kremlin for "the Russian government"). Related: Metonymic; metonymical.
- In schizophrenia, a language disturbance in which an inappropriate but related word is used in place of the correct one.