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[mij] /mɪdʒ/
any of numerous minute dipterous insects, especially of the family Chironomidae, somewhat resembling a mosquito.
Compare gnat (def 1).
a tiny person.
Origin of midge
before 900; Middle English mygge, Old English mycg(e); cognate with German Mücke, Old Norse mȳ; akin to Greek myîa, Latin musca fly Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for midge
Historical Examples
  • "It wasn't my fault," snapped midge, her usual manner returning.

    A Changed Heart May Agnes Fleming
  • "I've been out on an errand, Sarah," answered midge, with great dignity.

    Marjorie's Busy Days Carolyn Wells
  • From that time, midge had to watch her ceaselessly to keep her in; but sometimes, in spite of all, she would make her way out.

    A Changed Heart May Agnes Fleming
  • "I'll try real hard," said midge, as she kissed her mother, again and again.

    Marjorie's Busy Days Carolyn Wells
  • He had gone back to his midge, and now centered upon his newly found child the identity of this dead woman.

    From the Valley of the Missing Grace Miller White
  • "Right instantly," answered the one called midge, a little ferret of a man.

    Robin Hood Paul Creswick
  • midge was found to be vastly recovered from his sickness, thanks to the nursing of Mistress Fennel and her maids.

    Robin Hood Paul Creswick
  • “And this part of the park seldom is visited,” contributed midge.

  • Red made a fast pass, and midge, not expecting the ball, missed it.

  • By far, they were the best canoeists, with midge a close second to Dan.

British Dictionary definitions for midge


any fragile mosquito-like dipterous insect of the family Chironomidae, occurring in dancing swarms, esp near water
any similar or related insect, such as the biting midge and gall midge
a small or diminutive person or animal
Derived Forms
midgy, adjective
Word Origin
Old English mycge; compare Old High German mucca, Danish myg
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for midge

Old English mygg, mycg "gnat," from Proto-Germanic *mugjon (cf. Swedish mygga, Old Saxon muggia, Middle Dutch mugghe, Dutch mug, Old High German mucka, German Mücke "midge, gnat"). No certain cognates beyond Germanic, unless doubtful Armenian mun "gnat" and Albanian mize "gnat" are counted. But Watkins, Klein and others suggest an imitative root used for various humming insects and a relationship to Latin musca (see mosquito). Meaning "diminutive person" is from 1796.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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midge in Medicine

midge (mĭj)
Any of various gnatlike flies, some species of which, such as the biting midges of the family Ceratopogonidae, serve as vectors for parasitic diseases.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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