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[Sephardic Hebrew mee-drahsh; Ashkenazic Hebrew mi-drahsh] /Sephardic Hebrew miˈdrɑʃ; Ashkenazic Hebrew ˈmɪ drɑʃ/
noun, plural midrashim
[Sephardic Hebrew mee-drah-sheem; Ashkenazic Hebrew mi-draw-shim] /Sephardic Hebrew mi drɑˈʃim; Ashkenazic Hebrew mɪˈdrɔ ʃɪm/ (Show IPA),
midrashoth, midrashot, midrashos
[Sephardic Hebrew mee-drah-shawt; Ashkenazic Hebrew mi-draw-shohs] /Sephardic Hebrew mi drɑˈʃɔt; Ashkenazic Hebrew mɪˈdrɔ ʃoʊs/ (Show IPA)
an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text, clarifying or expounding a point of law or developing or illustrating a moral principle.
(initial capital letter) a collection of such interpretations or commentaries, especially those written in the first ten centuries a.d.
Origin of midrash
First recorded in 1605-15, midrash is from the Hebrew word midrāsh literally, exposition
Related forms
[mid-rash-ik] /mɪdˈræʃ ɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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British Dictionary definitions for midrash


/ˈmɪdræʃ; Hebrew miˈdraʃ/
noun (Judaism) (pl) midrashim (mɪˈdrɔʃɪm; Hebrew) (midraˈʃim)
a homily on a scriptural passage derived by traditional Jewish exegetical methods and consisting usually of embellishment of the scriptural narrative
one of a number of collections of such homilies composed between 400 and 1200 ad
Derived Forms
midrashic (mɪdˈræʃɪk) adjective
Word Origin
C17: from Hebrew: commentary, from darash to search
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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