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midrash

[Sephardic Hebrew mee-drahsh; Ashkenazic Hebrew mi-drahsh]
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noun, plural mid·ra·shim [Sephardic Hebrew mee-drah-sheem; Ashkenazic Hebrew mi-draw-shim] /Sephardic Hebrew mi drɑˈʃim; Ashkenazic Hebrew mɪˈdrɔ ʃɪm/, mid·ra·shoth, mid·ra·shot, mid·ra·shos [Sephardic Hebrew mee-drah-shawt; Ashkenazic Hebrew mi-draw-shohs] /Sephardic Hebrew mi drɑˈʃɔt; Ashkenazic Hebrew mɪˈdrɔ ʃoʊs/.
  1. an early Jewish interpretation of or commentary on a Biblical text, clarifying or expounding a point of law or developing or illustrating a moral principle.
  2. (initial capital letter) a collection of such interpretations or commentaries, especially those written in the first ten centuries a.d.

Origin of midrash

First recorded in 1605–15, midrash is from the Hebrew word midrāsh literally, exposition
Related formsmid·rash·ic [mid-rash-ik] /mɪdˈræʃ ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for midrash

midrash

noun plural midrashim (mɪˈdrɔʃɪm, Hebrew midraˈʃim) Judaism
  1. a homily on a scriptural passage derived by traditional Jewish exegetical methods and consisting usually of embellishment of the scriptural narrative
  2. one of a number of collections of such homilies composed between 400 and 1200 ad
Derived Formsmidrashic (mɪdˈræʃɪk), adjective

Word Origin

C17: from Hebrew: commentary, from darash to search
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

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