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[mi-lish-uh] /mɪˈlɪʃ ə/
a body of citizens enrolled for military service, and called out periodically for drill but serving full time only in emergencies.
a body of citizen soldiers as distinguished from professional soldiers.
all able-bodied males considered by law eligible for military service.
a body of citizens organized in a paramilitary group and typically regarding themselves as defenders of individual rights against the presumed interference of the federal government.
Origin of militia
1580-90; < Latin mīlitia soldiery, equivalent to mīlit- (stem of mīles) soldier + -ia -ia Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for militia
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I beg you will encourage the militia and engage them to continue their exertions.

  • We now marched through a settled country, with some militia for our guards.

    Ned Myers James Fenimore Cooper
  • From north and east and west the militia of the counties was on its march against us.

    Micah Clarke Arthur Conan Doyle
  • I thought ye might belong to Portman's yellow regiment of militia.

    Micah Clarke Arthur Conan Doyle
  • They censured the mayor for his weakness and called for the militia.

    The Harbor Ernest Poole
British Dictionary definitions for militia


a body of citizen (as opposed to professional) soldiers
an organization containing men enlisted for service in emergency only
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: soldiery, from mīles soldier
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for militia

1580s, "system of military discipline," from Latin militia "military service, warfare," from miles "soldier" (see military). Sense of "citizen army" (as distinct from professional soldiers) is first recorded 1690s, perhaps from a sense in French cognate milice. In U.S. history, "the whole body of men declared by law amenable to military service, without enlistment, whether armed and drilled or not" (1777).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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