Only one premise can be particular; and, if any, only that in which the minor term occurs.
For, if not, the minor premise being affirmative, there will be illicit process of the minor term.
The minor term, therefore, is undistributed, and the conclusion must be particular.
“Men” is the middle term, “are mortal” the major term, and “Socrates,” the minor term.
The predicate of the conclusion is called the major term of the syllogism; the subject of the conclusion is called the minor term.
The quantity of the minor term does not require special attention, inasmuch as the argument does not turn upon it.
The minor term is the subject of the minor premise 130 and the subject of the conclusion.
Minor Premise: "Socrates" (minor term) is a man (major term).
late 14c., from Old French silogisme "a syllogism," from Latin syllogismus, from Greek syllogismos "a syllogism," originally "inference, conclusion, computation, calculation," from syllogizesthai "bring together, premise, conclude," literally "think together," from syn- "together" (see syn-) + logizesthai "to reason, count," from logos "a reckoning, reason" (see logos).