- comparative relation between things or magnitudes as to size, quantity, number, etc.; ratio.
- proper relation between things or parts: to have tastes way out of proportion to one's financial means.
- relative size or extent.
- proportions, dimensions or size: a rock of gigantic proportions.
- a portion or part in its relation to the whole: A large proportion of the debt remains.
- symmetry, harmony, or balance: an architect with a sense of proportion.
- the significance of a thing or event that an objective view reveals: You must try to see these mishaps in proportion.
- Mathematics. a relation of four quantities such that the first divided by the second is equal to the third divided by the fourth; the equality of ratios.Compare rule of three.
- Archaic. analogy; comparison.
- to adjust in proper proportion or relation, as to size, quantity, etc.
- to balance or harmonize the proportions of.
Origin of proportion
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
- the relationship between different things or parts with respect to comparative size, number, or degree; relative magnitude or extent; ratio
- the correct or desirable relationship between parts of a whole; balance or symmetry
- a part considered with respect to the whole
- (plural) dimensions or sizea building of vast proportions
- a share, part, or quota
- maths a relationship that maintains a constant ratio between two variable quantitiesx increases in direct proportion to y
- maths a relationship between four numbers or quantities in which the ratio of the first pair equals the ratio of the second pair
- to adjust in relative amount, size, etc
- to cause to be harmonious in relationship of parts
Word Origin and History for misproportion
late 14c., "due relation of one part to another," also "size, extent; compartative relation in size, degree, number, etc.," from Old French proporcion "measure, proportion" (13c.), from Latin proportionem (nominative proportio) "comparative relation, analogy," from phrase pro portione "according to the relation" (of parts to each other), from pro "for" (see pro-) + ablative of *partio "division," related to pars (see part (n.)). Phrase out of proportion attested by 1670s.
My fortunes [are] as ill proportioned as your legs. [John Marston, "Antonio and Mellida," 1602]
"to adjust or regulate the proportions of," late 14c., from proportion (n.) and in part from Middle French proporcioner and directly from Medieval Latin proportionare. Related: Proportioned; proportioning.
- A statement of equality between two ratios. Four quantities, a, b, c, and d, are said to be in proportion if ab = cd.
Idioms and Phrases with misproportion
see out of proportion.