The significance of this discovery will be better understood after we have considered that of the Moabite Stone itself.
On the Moabite Stone the word occurs as meaning the stone itself.
Standing-stones have also been used to record events, like the Moabite Stone or the modern gravestone.
Otherwise the character resembles that of the Moabite Stone.
At present, however, the Moabite Stone is the only important inscription from this region.
The Moabite Stone explains the occurrence of Reubenite cities in these lists.
The Moabite Stone, the oldest extant Hebrew inscription, was one of the things that we made a point of seeing.
The palæographical importance of the Moabite Stone is equally great.
Since the finding of the Moabite Stone no discovery has been as important as that of the Siloam inscription.
a basalt stone, bearing an inscription by King Mesha, which was discovered at Dibon by Klein, a German missionary at Jerusalem, in 1868. It was 3 1/2 feet high and 2 in breadth and in thickness, rounded at the top. It consisted of thirty-four lines, written in Hebrew-Phoenician characters. It was set up by Mesha as a record and memorial of his victories. It records (1) Mesha's wars with Omri, (2) his public buildings, and (3) his wars against Horonaim. This inscription in a remarkable degree supplements and corroborates the history of King Mesha recorded in 2 Kings 3:4-27. With the exception of a very few variations, the Moabite language in which the inscription is written is identical with the Hebrew. The form of the letters here used supplies very important and interesting information regarding the history of the formation of the alphabet, as well as, incidentally, regarding the arts of civilized life of those times in the land of Moab. This ancient monument, recording the heroic struggles of King Mesha with Omri and Ahab, was erected about B.C. 900. Here "we have the identical slab on which the workmen of the old world carved the history of their own times, and from which the eye of their contemporaries read thousands of years ago the record of events of which they themselves had been the witnesses." It is the oldest inscription written in alphabetic characters, and hence is, apart from its value in the domain of Hebrew antiquities, of great linguistic importance.