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2017 Word of the Year

Mongolian

[mong-goh-lee-uh n, mon-] /mɒŋˈgoʊ li ən, mɒn-/
adjective
1.
pertaining to Mongolia.
2.
of or relating to the Mongol people of inner Asia.
3.
Anthropology. Mongoloid.
4.
of or relating to Mongolian, a branch of the Altaic languages.
noun
5.
a native or inhabitant of the Mongolian People's Republic.
6.
a native or inhabitant of Inner Mongolia.
7.
Also, Mongolic. a group of languages including Buriat and Khalkha and constituting a branch of Altaic.
8.
any of the languages of this branch, especially Khalkha.
9.
a member of the Mongoloid peoples of Asia.
Origin of Mongolian
1730-1740
First recorded in 1730-40; Mongoli(a) + -an
Related forms
non-Mongolian, adjective, noun
pre-Mongolian, adjective
pseudo-Mongolian, adjective, noun
trans-Mongolian, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for Mongolian
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • The pictures show some of the races we often see—Caucasian, Mongolian and negro.

    Where We Live Emilie Van Beil Jacobs
  • It beat and rang on the Mongolian stewpans left out at the fireplace.

    From Pole to Pole

    Sven Anders Hedin
  • His overcoat was Mongolian but his trousers and under jacket were not of the Mongolian pattern.

    Beasts, Men and Gods Ferdinand Ossendowski
  • Colonel Sepailoff, the darkest person on the canvas of Mongolian events!

    Beasts, Men and Gods Ferdinand Ossendowski
  • He was dressed in the yellow silken Mongolian coat with a black binding.

    Beasts, Men and Gods Ferdinand Ossendowski
  • "That is of no moment to us," answered the Mongolian officials.

    Beasts, Men and Gods Ferdinand Ossendowski
British Dictionary definitions for Mongolian

mongolian

/mɒŋˈɡəʊlɪən/
adjective
1.
(offensive) (not in technical use) of, relating to, or affected by Down's syndrome

Mongolian

/mɒŋˈɡəʊlɪən/
adjective
1.
of or relating to Mongolia, its people, or their language
noun
2.
a native of Mongolia
3.
the language of Mongolia See Khalkha
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for Mongolian

1738 (adj.); 1846 (n.), from Mongol + -ian. As a classification for "the Asiatic race," it is from 1868.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Mongolian in Medicine

Mongolian Mon·go·li·an or mon·go·li·an (mŏng-gō'lē-ən, -gōl'yən, mŏn-)
adj.
Relating to Down syndrome. No longer in technical use. Now considered offensive.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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