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monument

[noun mon-yuh-muh nt; verb mon-yuh-ment]
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noun
  1. something erected in memory of a person, event, etc., as a building, pillar, or statue: the Washington Monument.
  2. any building, megalith, etc., surviving from a past age, and regarded as of historical or archaeological importance.
  3. any enduring evidence or notable example of something: a monument to human ingenuity.
  4. an exemplar, model, or personification of some abstract quality, especially when considered to be beyond question: a monument of middle-class respectability.
  5. an area or a site of interest to the public for its historical significance, great natural beauty, etc., preserved and maintained by a government.
  6. a written tribute to a person, especially a posthumous one.
  7. Surveying. an object, as a stone shaft, set in the ground to mark the boundaries of real estate or to mark a survey station.
  8. a person considered as a heroic figure or of heroic proportions: He became a monument in his lifetime.
    1. Obsolete.a tomb; sepulcher.
    2. a statue.
verb (used with object)
  1. to build a monument or monuments to; commemorate: to monument the nation's war dead.
  2. to build a monument on: to monument a famous site.

Origin of monument

1250–1300; Middle English < Latin monumentum, equivalent to mon- (stem of monēre to remind, warn) + -u- (variant of -i- -i- before labials) + -mentum -ment
Related formsmon·u·ment·less, adjectiveun·mon·u·ment·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for monument

monument

noun
  1. an obelisk, statue, building, etc, erected in commemoration of a person or event or in celebration of something
  2. a notable building or site, esp one preserved as public property
  3. a tomb or tombstone
  4. a literary or artistic work regarded as commemorative of its creator or a particular period
  5. US a boundary marker
  6. an exceptional examplehis lecture was a monument of tedium
  7. an obsolete word for statue

Word Origin

C13: from Latin monumentum, from monēre to remind, advise

Monument

noun
  1. the Monument a tall columnar building designed (1671) by Sir Christopher Wren to commemorate the Fire of London (1666), which destroyed a large part of the medieval city
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for monument

n.

late 13c., "a sepulchre," from Old French monument "grave, tomb, monument," and directly from Latin monumentum "a monument, memorial structure, statue; votive offering; tomb; memorial record," literally "something that reminds," from monere "to remind, warn" (see monitor (n.)). Sense of "structure or edifice to commemorate a notable person, action, or event" first attested c.1600.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper