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or Moustierian

[moo-steer-ee-uh n] /muˈstɪər i ən/
adjective, Anthropology.
of or relating to a Middle Paleolithic culture of Neanderthal man dating to the early upper Pleistocene Epoch (c100,000–40,000 b.c.) and consisting of five or more stone-artifact traditions in Europe whose characteristic tools are side scrapers and points.
pertaining to Paleolithic human relics having the workmanship, finish, and character of the flint scrapers found in the sands of Moustier, France.
Origin of Mousterian
1885-90; < French moust(i)érien; see -ian Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for Mousterian
Historical Examples
  • These are assigned to the later Acheulean and earlier Mousterian epochs.

    Prehistoric Man W. L. H. Duckworth
  • This excavation entered a stratum distinguished as Mousterian.

    Prehistoric Man W. L. H. Duckworth
  • Period of the middle or 'full Mousterian' industry of the Neanderthal races.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • Even before the close of early Mousterian times all this was changed.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • In all Germany there are only about seven stations of unquestioned Mousterian age.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • The Mousterian industry is entirely distinct from its predecessors.

    Man, Past and Present Agustus Henry Keane
  • It coincides with the oncoming of the cold, either in the Mousterian or the Magdalenian.

    The Story of Evolution Joseph McCabe
  • Hard by were flint implements of a well-marked Mousterian type.

    Anthropology Robert Marett
  • The bones of the bison and of the wild horse are both utilized in the bone anvils of the closing Mousterian culture at La Quina.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
  • Obermaier has given careful study to the vicissitudes of cave life in Mousterian times.

    Men of the Old Stone Age Henry Fairfield Osborn
British Dictionary definitions for Mousterian


a culture characterized by flint flake tools and associated with Neanderthal man, found throughout Europe, North Africa, and the Near East, dating from before 70 000–32 000 bc
of or relating to this culture
Word Origin
C20: from French Moustérien from archaeological finds of the same period in the cave of Le Moustier, Dordogne, France
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Mousterian in Science
Relating to a Middle Paleolithic tool culture that succeeded the Acheulian, ending around 35,000 years ago and traditionally associated with Neanderthals. While Mousterian tools show improvements in stone-flaking techniques over Acheulian tools, they remain largely unchanged over long periods of time and show little of the rapid innovation and specialization that characterize tool cultures of the Upper Paleolithic associated with modern humans.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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