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mumps

[muhmps] /mʌmps/
noun, (used with a singular verb) Pathology.
1.
an infectious disease characterized by inflammatory swelling of the parotid and usually other salivary glands, and sometimes by inflammation of the testes or ovaries, caused by a paramyxovirus.
Origin of mumps
1590-1600
1590-1600; mump1 + -s3

mump1

[muhmp, moo mp] /mʌmp, mʊmp/ British Dialect
verb (used with object)
1.
to mumble; mutter.
verb (used without object)
2.
to sulk; mope.
3.
to grimace.
Origin
1580-90; imitative, apparently akin to mum1; compare Dutch mompen to mumble, German mimpfeln to mumble while eating, Icelandic mumpa to take into the mouth, eat greedily

mump2

[muhmp, moo mp] /mʌmp, mʊmp/ British Dialect
verb (used with object)
1.
to cheat.
verb (used without object)
2.
to beg.
Origin
1645-55; < Dutch mompen (obsolete)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2016.
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British Dictionary definitions for mumps

mumps

/mʌmps/
noun
1.
(functioning as singular or pl) an acute contagious viral disease of the parotid salivary glands, characterized by swelling of the affected parts, fever, and pain beneath the ear: usually affects children Also called epidemic parotitis
Derived Forms
mumpish, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from mump1 (to grimace)

mump1

/mʌmp/
verb
1.
(intransitive) (archaic) to be silent
Word Origin
C16 (to grimace, sulk, be silent): of imitative origin, alluding to the shape of the mouth when mumbling or chewing

mump2

/mʌmp/
verb
1.
(intransitive) (archaic) to beg
Word Origin
C17: perhaps from Dutch mompen to cheat
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for mumps
n.

type of contagious disease, c.1600, from plural of mump "a grimace" (1590s), originally a verb, "to whine like a beggar" (1580s), from Dutch mompen "to cheat, deceive," originally probably "to mumble, whine," of imitative origin. The infectious disease probably so called in reference to swelling of the salivary glands of the face and/or to painful difficulty swallowing. Mumps also was used from 17c. to mean "a fit of melancholy."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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mumps in Medicine

mumps (mŭmps)
pl.n.
An acute inflammatory contagious disease caused by a paramyxovirus and characterized by swelling of the salivary glands, especially the parotids, and sometimes of the pancreas, ovaries, or testes. This disease, mainly affecting children, can be prevented by vaccination. Also called epidemic parotitis.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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mumps in Science
mumps
  (mŭmps)   
An infectious disease caused by a virus of the family Paramyxoviridae and the genus Rubulavirus, characterized by swelling of the salivary glands, especially the parotid glands, and sometimes of the pancreas, testes, or ovaries. Vaccinations, usually given in early childhood, confer immunity to mumps.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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mumps in Culture

mumps definition


An acute and contagious disease marked by fever and inflammation of the salivary glands. Caused by a virus, mumps is normally a childhood disease that passes with no aftereffects.

Note: A child who has had mumps is immune from further infection by the mumps virus.
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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mumps in Technology
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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