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[nash-uh-nl-ahyz, nash-nuh-lahyz] /ˈnæʃ ə nlˌaɪz, ˈnæʃ nəˌlaɪz/
verb (used with object), nationalized, nationalizing.
to bring under the ownership or control of a nation, as industries and land:
a movement to nationalize the oil industry.
to make into a nation.
to naturalize.
to make national in extent or scope:
a magazine article that nationalized a local problem.
verb (used without object), nationalized, nationalizing.
to become nationalized or naturalized:
Those who remain in the country must nationalize.
Also, especially British, nationalise.
Origin of nationalize
1790-1800; national + -ize
Related forms
nationalization, noun
nationalizer, noun
antinationalization, adjective
nonnationalization, noun
overnationalization, noun
overnationalize, verb (used with object), overnationalized, overnationalizing.
renationalization, noun
renationalize, verb, renationalized, renationalizing.
seminationalized, adjective
unnationalized, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for nationalization
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Land collectivization and the nationalization of business destroyed the economic basis of families.

  • The sixth point was the nationalization of the railroads and mines.

    Socialism As It Is William English Walling
  • By the end of 1947 nationalization of banks, industry, and mines was well under way.

    Area Handbook for Bulgaria Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
  • It might be thought that the nationalization of the land would solve the problem.

    Socialism As It Is William English Walling
  • The most terrible thing is that the women themselves have accepted this nationalization and very little protest is made.

    The Red Conspiracy Joseph J. Mereto
  • The nationalization of the means of production and distribution went on apace.

  • The last important principle of Bulgarian education is the nationalization and secularization of the school system.

    Area Handbook for Bulgaria Eugene K. Keefe, Violeta D. Baluyut, William Giloane, Anne K. Long, James M. Moore, and Neda A. Walpole
British Dictionary definitions for nationalization


/ˈnæʃənəˌlaɪz; ˈnæʃnə-/
verb (transitive)
to put (an industry, resources, etc) under state control or ownership
to make national in scope, character, or status
a less common word for naturalize
Derived Forms
nationalization, nationalisation, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for nationalization

1801, "act of rendering national in character," from nationalize + -ation. Meaning "act of bringing (property) under control of the national government" is from 1874.



1800, "invest with a national character," from national + -ize. Meaning "bring under state control" is from 1869. Related: Nationalized; nationalizing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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nationalization in Culture

nationalization definition

The taking over of private property by a national government.

nationalization definition

A government takeover of a private business.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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