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neap1

[neep] /nip/
adjective
1.
designating tides midway between spring tides that attain the least height.
noun
2.
neap tide.
Origin of neap1
900
before 900; Middle English neep, Old English nēp-, in nēpflōd neap tide

neap2

[neep] /nip/
noun, New England.
1.
the pole or tongue of a cart, wagon, etc., drawn by two animals side by side.
Origin
1545-55 origin uncertain
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for neap
Historical Examples
  • So we have spring tides regularly once a fortnight, with neap tides in between.

    Pioneers of Science Oliver Lodge
  • The spring tides occur at the syzygies: the neap tides at the quadratures.

    Letters on Astronomy Denison Olmsted
  • A ship grounding in a very low tide (neap) is still said to be neaped.

    The Bruce John Barbour
  • Height of neap and spring tides, at full and change of the moon.

  • The spring tide is lunar plus solar; the neap tide is lunar minus solar.

    Pioneers of Science Oliver Lodge
  • When the two agree, we get a spring tide of four feet; when they oppose each other, we get a neap tide of only two feet.

    Pioneers of Science Oliver Lodge
  • During the neap tides, the ship lay wholly aground, the sea not approaching nearer than within a hundred yards of her.

  • At neap tides the rock shows only a few black teeth with sea-weed gums above the surface.

  • It was a time of neap or spring tide, besides which the wind was in the right direction to make the water rise very high.

    Shadow, the Mysterious Detective Police Captain Howard
  • From this it will be seen that there are two spring tides and two neap tides in each twenty-eight days.

British Dictionary definitions for neap

neap

/niːp/
adjective
1.
of, relating to, or constituting a neap tide
noun
2.
short for neap tide
Word Origin
Old English, as in nēpflōd neap tide, of uncertain origin
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for neap
adj.

Middle English, from Old English nepflod "neap flood," the tide occurring at the end of the first and third quarters of the lunar month, in which high waters are at their lowest, of unknown origin, with no known cognates (Danish niptid probably is from English). Original sense perhaps is "without power." As a noun from 1580s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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