nitration of benzoic acid gives chiefly meta-nitro-benzoic acid.
The chief stipulation for dynamite glycerine is its behaviour in the nitration test.
Starch yields the hexanitrate (C12) by both methods of nitration.
Cacao butter runs hot from the presses as an amber-coloured oil, and after nitration, sets to a pale golden yellow wax-like fat.
The pyroligneous acid obtained, is generally clear, after nitration, and of a dark brown colour.
After nitration the yellow tetryl separates out, and is filtered off and water-washed till free from acid.
After the nitration, the acid is removed and the nitrocotton boiled up in water to stabilize it.
The so-called collodion cottons are nitrated celluloses, but of a lower degree of nitration (as a rule) than guncotton.
The sodium sulphite method has the advantages of being clean and neat, and of requiring no nitration.
This substance readily yields ortho-oxybenzoic acid or salicylic acid, which on nitration yields two mononitro-oxybenzoic acids.
nitrate ni·trate (nī'trāt', -trĭt)
The univalent radical NO3.
A compound containing such a radical, such as a salt or ester of nitric acid.
A salt or ester of nitric acid, containing the group NO3. Nitrates dissolve extremely easily in water and are an important component of the nitrogen cycle. Compare nitrite.