- a pale yellow, toxic, water-soluble liquid, C6H5NO2, produced by nitrating benzene with nitric acid: used chiefly in the manufacture of aniline.
Origin of nitrobenzene
Also called ni·tro·ben·zol [nahy-troh-ben-zawl, -zol] /ˌnaɪ troʊˈbɛn zɔl, -zɒl/.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for nitrobenzene
It is prepared from nitrobenzene by reducing it with stannous chloride and sodium hydroxide.
The purity of the product depends upon the quality of the benzene from which the nitrobenzene was prepared.
The residue of nitric acid which replaces hydrogen in benzene is the nitro-group, and the compound is nitrobenzene.Coal
When this liquid was treated with a few drops of nitric acid mixture the smell of nitrobenzene was given off.
The nitrobenzoate is insoluble in ether alcohol, but is soluble in acetone, acetic acid, and nitrobenzene.Researches on Cellulose
C. F. Cross
- a yellow oily toxic water-insoluble liquid compound, used as a solvent and in the manufacture of aniline. Formula: C 6 H 5 NO 2
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012