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noble

[noh-buh l]
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adjective, no·bler, no·blest.
  1. distinguished by rank or title.
  2. pertaining to persons so distinguished.
  3. of, belonging to, or constituting a hereditary class that has special social or political status in a country or state; of or pertaining to the aristocracy.
  4. of an exalted moral or mental character or excellence: a noble thought.
  5. admirable in dignity of conception, manner of expression, execution, or composition: a noble poem.
  6. very impressive or imposing in appearance: a noble monument.
  7. of an admirably high quality; notably superior; excellent.
  8. famous; illustrious; renowned.
  9. Chemistry. inert; chemically inactive.
  10. Falconry. (of a hawk) having excellent qualities or abilities.
noun
  1. a person of noble birth or rank; nobleman or noblewoman.
  2. a former gold coin of England, first issued in 1346 by Edward III, equal to half a mark or 6s. 8d., replaced in 1464 under Edward IV by the rose noble.
  3. (in Britain) a peer.

Origin of noble

1175–1225; Middle English < Old French < Latin (g)nōbilis ‘notable, of high rank’, equivalent to (g)nō-, base of (g)nōscere ‘to get to know, find out’ (see know1) + -bilis -ble
Related formsno·ble·ness, nounnon·no·ble, adjectiveo·ver·no·ble, adjectiveo·ver·no·ble·ness, nouno·ver·no·b·ly, adverbpseu·do·no·ble, adjective
Can be confusedNobel noble

Synonym study

4. Noble, high-minded, magnanimous agree in referring to lofty principles and loftiness of mind or spirit. Noble implies a loftiness of character or spirit that scorns the petty, mean, base, or dishonorable: a noble deed. High-minded implies having elevated principles and consistently adhering to them: a high-minded pursuit of legal reforms. Magnanimous suggests greatness of mind or soul, especially as manifested in generosity or in overlooking injuries: magnanimous toward his former enemies.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for nobleness

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • He studied Hope's beauty with his eyes, he pondered on all her nobleness.

    Malbone

    Thomas Wentworth Higginson

  • I have loved her ever since for all that she awakened within me of nobleness.

    My Double Life

    Sarah Bernhardt

  • He did not see the beauty, the nobleness of it, nor yet its beneficial power.

    My Double Life

    Sarah Bernhardt

  • I may expect all things, Madam, interrupted he, from the nobleness of your mind.

    Clarissa, Volume 3 (of 9)

    Samuel Richardson

  • But has your nobleness any serious objection to my carrying a wand?

    Vivian Grey

    Earl of Beaconsfield, Benjamin Disraeli


British Dictionary definitions for nobleness

noble

adjective
  1. of or relating to a hereditary class with special social or political status, often derived from a feudal period
  2. of or characterized by high moral qualities; magnanimousa noble deed
  3. having dignity or eminence; illustrious
  4. grand or imposing; magnificenta noble avenue of trees
  5. of superior quality or kind; excellenta noble strain of horses
  6. chem
    1. (of certain elements) chemically unreactive
    2. (of certain metals, esp copper, silver, and gold) resisting oxidation
  7. falconry
    1. designating long-winged falcons that capture their quarry by stooping on it from aboveCompare ignoble
    2. designating the type of quarry appropriate to a particular species of falcon
noun
  1. a person belonging to a privileged social or political class whose status is usually indicated by a title conferred by sovereign authority or descent
  2. (in the British Isles) a person holding the title of duke, marquess, earl, viscount, or baron, or a feminine equivalent
  3. a former Brit gold coin having the value of one third of a pound
Derived Formsnobleness, nounnobly, adverb

Word Origin

C13: via Old French from Latin nōbilis, originally, capable of being known, hence well-known, noble, from noscere to know
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for nobleness

noble

n.

"man of rank," c.1300, from noble (adj.). The same noun sense also is in Old French and Latin. Late 14c. as the name of an English coin first issued in reign of Edward III.

noble

adj.

c.1200, "illustrious, distinguished; worthy of honor or respect," from Old French noble "of noble bearing or birth," from Latin nobilis "well-known, famous, renowned; excellent, superior, splendid; high-born, of superior birth," earlier *gnobilis, literally "knowable," from gnoscere "to come to know," from PIE root *gno- "to know" (see know). The prominent Roman families, which were "well known," provided most of the Republic's public officials.

Meaning "distinguished by rank, title, or birth" is first recorded late 13c. Sense of "having lofty character, having high moral qualities" is from c.1600. A noble gas (1902) is so called for its inactivity or intertness; a use of the word that had been applied in Middle English to precious stones, metals, etc., of similar quality (late 14c.), from the sense of "having admirable properties" (c.1300).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper