A report reached Murzuk in 1819 that the traveller had gone to “Noofy” (nupe), and had died there.
It was founded in 1859 when Fula rule was established in nupe, is walled and of considerable size.
Embassies were sent and states like nupe recognized the suzerainty of the Byzantine emperor.
Another emir was appointed in his place, and the province of nupe was placed under British administrative control.
We find Yoruba reaching out and subduing states like nupe toward the northward.