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2017 Word of the Year

opiate

[noun, adjective oh-pee-it, -eyt; verb oh-pee-eyt] /noun, adjective ˈoʊ pi ɪt, -ˌeɪt; verb ˈoʊ piˌeɪt/
noun
1.
a drug containing opium or its derivatives, used in medicine for inducing sleep and relieving pain.
2.
any sedative, soporific, or narcotic.
3.
anything that causes dullness or inaction or that soothes the feelings.
adjective
4.
mixed or prepared with opium.
5.
inducing sleep; soporific; narcotic.
6.
causing dullness or inaction.
verb (used with object), opiated, opiating.
7.
to subject to an opiate; stupefy.
8.
to dull or deaden.
Origin of opiate
1535-1545
1535-45; < Medieval Latin opiātus bringing sleep, equivalent to Latin opi(um) opium + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
unopiated, adjective
Synonyms
2. drug. 3. anodyne. 5. sedative.
Antonyms
2. stimulant.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for opiate
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It was a luxury so penetrating and powerful that it affected him like an opiate.

    The Rock of Chickamauga Joseph A. Altsheler
  • But while there's life there's hope, you know; and meantime I'll send you an opiate to relieve the pain.

    The Eternal City Hall Caine
  • A strong emetic and a subsequent cathartic; and then an opiate and the bark.

    Zoonomia, Vol. II

    Erasmus Darwin
  • "I will prepare an opiate," said the physician in a whisper.

    The Light of Scarthey

    Egerton Castle
  • Her fried chicken and creamed gravy and mashed potatoes had been an opiate.

    The Gallery Roger Phillips Graham
British Dictionary definitions for opiate

opiate

noun (ˈəʊpɪɪt)
1.
any of various narcotic drugs, such as morphine and heroin, that act on opioid receptors
2.
any other narcotic or sedative drug
3.
something that soothes, deadens, or induces sleep
adjective (ˈəʊpɪɪt)
4.
containing or consisting of opium
5.
inducing relaxation; soporific
verb (transitive) (rare) (ˈəʊpɪˌeɪt)
6.
to treat with an opiate
7.
to dull or deaden
Word Origin
C16: from Medieval Latin opiātus; from Latin opium poppy juice, opium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for opiate
n.

"medicine containing opium," early 15c., from Medieval Latin opiatus, from Latin opium (see opium). Figurative sense of "anything that dulls the feelings" is from 1640s. From 1540s in English as an adjective, "made with or containing opium."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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opiate in Medicine

opiate o·pi·ate (ō'pē-ĭt, -āt')
n.

  1. Any of various sedative narcotics that contain opium or one or more of its natural or synthetic derivatives.

  2. A drug, hormone, or other chemical substance that has sedative or narcotic effects similar to those containing opium or its derivatives. Also called opioid.

adj.
  1. Of or containing opium or any of its derivatives.

  2. Resembling opium or its derivatives in activity.

  3. Inducing sleep or sedation; soporific.

v. o·pi·at·ed, o·pi·at·ing, o·pi·ates (-āt')
To subject to the action of an opiate.
o'pi·ate (-ĭt, -āt') adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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