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Ordovician

[awr-duh-vish-uh n]Geology
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adjective
  1. noting or pertaining to a geologic period of the Paleozoic Era, from 500 million to 425 million years ago, notable for the advent of fish.
noun
  1. the Ordovician Period or System.

Origin of Ordovician

1879; after the Ordovices (plural) (< Latin) an ancient British tribe in N Wales, where rocks characterizing the period were found; see -ian
Related formspost-Or·do·vi·cian, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for ordovician

Historical Examples

  • The Ordovician sea stretched from Appalachia across the Mississippi valley.

    The Elements of Geology

    William Harmon Norton

  • During the ages of the Ordovician, life made great advances.

    The Elements of Geology

    William Harmon Norton

  • They were more than likely the undisputed masters of the Ordovician seas.

    Geology

    William J. Miller

  • The characters of the Ordovician trilobites have already been noticed.

  • They also rest unconformably upon the Ordovician rocks in this area.


British Dictionary definitions for ordovician

Ordovician

adjective
  1. of, denoting, or formed in the second period of the Palaeozoic era, between the Cambrian and Silurian periods, which lasted for 45 000 000 years during which marine invertebrates flourished
noun
  1. the Ordovician the Ordovician period or rock system

Word Origin

C19: from Latin Ordovices ancient Celtic tribe in N Wales
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for ordovician

Ordovician

adj.

geological period following the Cambrian and preceding the Silurian, 1879, coined by English geologist Charles Lapworth (1842-1920) from Latin Ordovices, name of an ancient British tribe in North Wales. The period so called because rocks from it first were studied extensively in the region around Bala in North Wales. The tribe's name is Celtic, literally "those who fight with hammers," from Celtic base *ordo "hammer" + PIE *wik- "to fight, conquer" (see victor).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

ordovician in Science

Ordovician

[ôr′də-vĭshən]
  1. The second period of the Paleozoic Era, from about 505 to 438 million years ago. During this time most of the Earth's landmasses were gathered in the supercontinent Gondwanaland, located in the Southern Hemisphere. Much of this continent was submerged under shallow seas, and marine invertebrates, including trilobites, brachiopods, graptolites, and conodonts were widespread. The first primitive fishes appeared; some evidence suggests the first land plants may also have appeared at this time. By the end of the Ordovician massive glaciers formed on Gondwanaland, causing sea levels to drop and approximately 60 percent of all known marine invertebrates to become extinct. See Chart at geologic time.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.