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[oz-mohs, os-] /ˈɒz moʊs, ˈɒs-/
verb (used without object), osmosed, osmosing.
to undergo osmosis.
verb (used with object), osmosed, osmosing.
to subject to osmosis.
Origin of osmose
First recorded in 1850-55; back formation from osmosis


[oz-moh-sis, os-] /ɒzˈmoʊ sɪs, ɒs-/
Physical Chemistry, Cell Biology.
  1. the tendency of a fluid, usually water, to pass through a semipermeable membrane into a solution where the solvent concentration is higher, thus equalizing the concentrations of materials on either side of the membrane.
  2. the diffusion of fluids through membranes or porous partitions.
a subtle or gradual absorption or mingling:
He never studies but seems to learn by osmosis.
1865-70; Latinized form of now obsolete osmose osmosis, extracted from endosmose endosmosis, exosmose exosmosis < French, equivalent to end- end-, ex- ex-2 + Greek ōsm(ós) push, thrust + French -ose -osis
Related forms
[oz-mot-ik, os-] /ɒzˈmɒt ɪk, ɒs-/ (Show IPA),
osmotically, adverb
nonosmotic, adjective
nonosmotically, adverb
unosmotic, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for osmoses


/ˈɒzməʊs; -məʊz; ˈɒs-/
to undergo or cause to undergo osmosis
a former name for osmosis
Word Origin
C19 (n): abstracted from the earlier terms endosmose and exosmose; related to Greek ōsmos push


/ɒzˈməʊsɪs; ɒs-/
the passage of a solvent through a semipermeable membrane from a less concentrated to a more concentrated solution until both solutions are of the same concentration
diffusion through any membrane or porous barrier, as in dialysis
gradual or unconscious assimilation or adoption, as of ideas
Derived Forms
osmotic (ɒzˈmɒtɪk; ɒs-) adjective
osmotically, adverb
Word Origin
C19: Latinized form from osmose (n), from Greek ōsmos push, thrust
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for osmoses



1867, Latinized from osmose (1854), shortened from endosmosis (1830s), from endosmose "inward passage of a fluid through a porous septum" (1829), from French endo- "inward" + Greek osmos "a thrusting, a pushing," from stem of othein "to push, to thrust," from PIE *wedhe- "to push, strike" (cf. Sanskrit vadhati "pushes, strikes, destroys," Avestan vadaya- "to repulse"). Figurative sense is from 1900. Related: Osmotic (1854, from earlier endosmotic).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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osmoses in Medicine

osmose os·mose (ŏz'mōs', ŏs'-)
v. os·mosed, os·mos·ing, os·mos·es
To diffuse or cause to diffuse by osmosis.

osmosis os·mo·sis (ŏz-mō'sĭs, ŏs-)
n. pl. os·mo·ses (-sēz)

  1. Diffusion of fluid through a semipermeable membrane until there is an equal concentration of fluid on both sides of the membrane.

  2. The tendency of fluids to diffuse in such a manner.

os·mot'ic (-mŏt'ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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osmoses in Science

The movement of a solvent through a membrane separating two solutions of different concentrations. The solvent from the side of weaker concentration usually moves to the side of the stronger concentration, diluting it, until the concentrations of the solutions are equal on both sides of the membrane. ◇ The pressure exerted by the molecules of the solvent on the membrane they pass through is called osmotic pressure. Osmotic pressure is the energy driving osmosis and is important for living organisms because it allows water and nutrients dissolved in water to pass through cell membranes.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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osmoses in Culture
osmosis [(ahz-moh-sis, ahs-moh-sis)]

The seeping of a fluid through a seemingly solid barrier, such as a cell wall or a rubber sheet. When the concentration of the fluid is the same on both sides of the barrier, osmosis stops.

Note: Informally, “osmosis” is the process by which information or concepts come to a person without conscious effort: “Living in Paris, he learned French slang by osmosis.”
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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