Byron would die in 1824, fighting for Greece's freedom from the Ottoman Empire.
Until 1924, the Caliphate was the preserve of the Ottoman Empire, which was succeeded by a secular Turkish state.
Two earlier Saudi kingdoms were defeated by the Ottoman Empire and eradicated.
They won the war and the Ottoman Empire recognized the Crimea as part of Russia.
The region used to be a part of the Ottoman Empire before Russia took over in the 19th century.
And the talk of reforms in the Ottoman Empire is an idle and diplomatic fiction.
By the sword the Ottoman Empire was reared and by the sword it has been ruled ever since.
Above all it destroyed at a critical moment all England's influence for good in the Ottoman Empire.
The Schii heresy was extinguished, once for all, in the Ottoman Empire.
And, indeed, the advent of that time had become a matter of necessity for the Ottoman Empire.
An empire developed by Turks between the fourteenth and twentieth centuries. It was succeeded in the 1920s by the present-day republic of Turkey. At its greatest extent, the Ottoman Empire included many parts of southeastern Europe and the Middle East.
An empire developed by the Turks between the fourteenth and twentieth centuries; it was succeeded in the 1920s by the present-day republic of Turkey. At its peak, the Ottoman Empire included, besides present-day Turkey, large parts of the Middle East and southeastern Europe.