a scheme or method of acting, doing, proceeding, making, etc., developed in advance: battle plans.
a design or scheme of arrangement: an elaborate plan for seating guests.
a specific project or definite purpose: plans for the future.
Also called plan view. a drawing made to scale to represent the top view or a horizontal section of a structure or a machine, as a floor layout of a building.
a representation of a thing drawn on a plane, as a map or diagram: a plan of the dock area.
(in perspective drawing) one of several planes in front of a represented object, and perpendicular to the line between the object and the eye.
a formal program for specified benefits, needs, etc.: a pension plan.
verb (used with object),planned,plan·ning.
to arrange a method or scheme beforehand for (any work, enterprise, or proceeding): to plan a new recreation center.
to make plans for: to plan one's vacation.
to draw or make a diagram or layout of, as a building.
verb (used without object),planned,plan·ning.
to make plans: to plan ahead; to plan for one's retirement.
Origin of plan
1670–80; < French: ground, plan, groundwork, scheme, noun use of the adj.: flat, plane1, learned borrowing of Latinplānus level (cf. plain1)
Related formsplan·less, adjectiveplan·less·ly, adverbplan·less·ness, nounmis·plan, verb,mis·planned,mis·plan·ning.out·plan, verb (used with object),out·planned,out·plan·ning.o·ver·plan, verb,o·ver·planned,o·ver·plan·ning.pre·plan, verb,pre·planned,pre·plan·ning.re·plan, verb (used with object),re·planned,re·plan·ning.un·der·plan, nounun·der·plan, verb (used with object),un·der·planned,un·der·plan·ning.un·plan, verb (used with object),un·planned,un·plan·ning.well-planned, adjectiveCan be confusedplainplanplane
1. Plan,project,design,scheme imply a formulated method of doing something. Plan refers to any method of thinking out acts and purposes beforehand: What are your plans for today? A project is a proposed or tentative plan, often elaborate or extensive: an irrigation project.Design suggests art, dexterity, or craft (sometimes evil and selfish) in the elaboration or execution of a plan, and often tends to emphasize the purpose in view: a misunderstanding brought about by design. A scheme is apt to be either a speculative, possibly impracticable, plan, or a selfish or dishonest one: a scheme to swindle someone.
1670s as a technical term in perspective drawing; 1706 as "drawing, sketch, or diagram of any object," from French plan "ground plan, map," literally "plane surface" (mid-16c.), from Latin planum "level or flat surface," noun use of adjective planus "level, flat" (see plane (n.1)). The notion is of "a drawing on a flat surface." Meaning "scheme of action, design" is first recorded 1706, possibly influenced by French planter "to plant," from Italian planta "ground plan."
1728, "make a plan of," from plan (n.). Related: Planned; planning; plans. Planned economy is attested from 1931. Planned Parenthood (1942) formerly was Birth Control Federation of America.