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overtake

[oh-ver-teyk]
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verb (used with object), o·ver·took, o·ver·tak·en, o·ver·tak·ing.
  1. to catch up with in traveling or pursuit; draw even with: By taking a cab to the next town, we managed to overtake and board the train.
  2. to catch up with and pass, as in a race; move by: He overtook the leader three laps from the finish.
  3. to move ahead of in achievement, production, score, etc.; surpass: to overtake all other countries in steel production.
  4. to happen to or befall someone suddenly or unexpectedly, as night, a storm, or death: The pounding rainstorm overtook them just outside the city.
verb (used without object), o·ver·took, o·ver·tak·en, o·ver·tak·ing.
  1. to pass another vehicle: Never overtake on a curve.

Origin of overtake

1175–1225; Middle English overtaken; see over-, take
Related formsun·o·ver·tak·en, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for overtake

overtake

verb -takes, -taking, -took or -taken
  1. mainly British to move past (another vehicle or person) travelling in the same direction
  2. (tr) to pass or do better than, after catching up with
  3. (tr) to come upon suddenly or unexpectedlynight overtook him
  4. (tr) to catch up with; draw level with
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for overtake

v.

"to come up to, to catch in pursuit," early 13c., from over- + take (v.). According to OED, originally "the running down and catching of a fugitive or beast of chase"; it finds the sense of over- in this word "not so clear." Related: Overtaken; overtaking. Old English had oferniman "to take away, carry off, seize, ravish."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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