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[pan-tuh-graf, -grahf] /ˈpæn təˌgræf, -ˌgrɑf/
Also, pantagraph. an instrument for the mechanical copying of plans, diagrams, etc., on any desired scale.
Electricity. a device usually consisting of two parallel, hinged, double-diamond frames, for transferring current from an overhead wire to a vehicle, as a trolley car or electric locomotive.
Origin of pantograph
First recorded in 1715-25; panto- + -graph
Related forms
[pan-tog-ruh-fer] /pænˈtɒg rə fər/ (Show IPA),
[pan-tuh-graf-ik] /ˌpæn təˈgræf ɪk/ (Show IPA),
pantographical, adjective
pantographically, adverb
pantography, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for pantograph
Historical Examples
  • The pantograph, the pendulum, the brumbo pulley, the reducing wheel.

    Farm Engines and How to Run Them James H. Stephenson
  • Scheiner suggested and planned the optical experiment which bears his name, and also invented the pantograph.

    The Jesuits, 1534-1921 Thomas J. Campbell
  • Luke moved the pantograph pointer, again and again, until it touched Weaver's robed body.

    The Worshippers Damon Francis Knight
  • Weaver was glad it was Luke whose hand was guiding the pantograph, not one of the bright, efficient younger generation.

    The Worshippers Damon Francis Knight
  • The pantograph pointer moved down the side of God's nose and another wedge of stone fell in the plaza.

    The Worshippers Damon Francis Knight
  • Watt combined his straight-line linkage with a pantograph, one link becoming a member of the pantograph.

  • Now examine this pantograph, taken at eight months, and also marked A. Does it tally with the other two?

    The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
  • I made these pantograph copies last night, and will so swear when I go upon the witness stand.

    The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
  • One machine, called the pantograph or engraving machine, reproduces engravings in all metals and many shapes from patterns.

  • pantograph, the name given to a contrivance for copying a drawing or a design on an enlarged or a reduced scale.

    The Nuttall Encyclopaedia Edited by Rev. James Wood
British Dictionary definitions for pantograph


an instrument consisting of pivoted levers for copying drawings, maps, etc, to any desired scale
a sliding type of current collector, esp a diamond-shaped frame mounted on a train roof in contact with an overhead wire
a device consisting of a parallelogram of jointed rods used to suspend a studio lamp so that its height can be adjusted
Derived Forms
pantographer (pænˈtɒɡrəfə) noun
pantographic (ˌpæntəˈɡræfɪk) adjective
pantographically, adverb
pantography, noun
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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