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parotid

[puh-rot-id]Anatomy
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noun
  1. Also called parotid gland. a salivary gland situated at the base of each ear.
adjective
  1. of, relating to, or situated near either parotid.

Origin of parotid

1680–90; < New Latin parōtid- (stem of parōtis) parotid gland; Latin: tumor near the ear < Greek parōtís. See par-, oto-
Related formspa·rot·i·de·an, adjectivepost·pa·rot·id, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for parotid gland

parotid gland

noun
  1. a large salivary gland, in man situated in front of and below each ear

parotid

adjective
  1. relating to or situated near the parotid gland
noun
  1. See parotid gland

Word Origin

C17: via French, via Latin from Greek parōtis, from para- 1 (near) + -ōtis, from ous ear
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for parotid gland

parotid

adj.

"situated near the ear," 1680s, from French parotide (1540s), or directly from Latin parotid-, stem of parotis, from Greek parotis "tumor near the ear," from para- "beside" (see para- (1)) + ot-, stem of ous "ear" (see ear (n.1)). As a noun, "the parotid gland."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

parotid gland in Medicine

parotid gland

n.
  1. Either of a pair of major salivary glands situated below and in front of each ear and opening into the parotid duct; the largest of the major salivary glands.

parotid

(pə-rŏtĭd)
adj.
  1. Situated near the ear.
  2. Of or relating to a parotid gland.
n.
  1. A parotid gland.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

parotid gland in Science

parotid gland

[pə-rŏtĭd]
  1. Either of the pair of salivary glands situated below and in front of each ear.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.